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THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT INBEKWARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this study was to determine the role of Local Government in Rural Development: A case study of Bekwara Local Government Area, Cross River State . To achieve the objective of this study, four null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A total of 400 respondents were randomly selected for the study from the research area. A self constructed questionnaire titled role of local government in rural development questionnaire (RLGRDQ) was designed to collect data from the respondents. To ascertained the reliability of the items, test-retest was used. The research design adopted for the was survey design. The hypotheses were analyzed using Chi-square X2 and tested at 0.05 level of significance with 9 degree of freedom. The result revealed that Bekwara Local Government Council, inadequate skilled workers and inadequate funding by both Cross River State and the Federal Government bears a significant implication on rural development in Bekwara Local Government of Cross River State . It was recommended among others that Bekwara Local Government Area should be prudent in the management of council resources to provide amenities to its citizenry. 

                               TABLE OF CONTENTS                              

TITLE PAGE                 –        –        –        –        –        –        i

CERTIFICATION         –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

DEDICATION     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT                   –        –        –        –        –        iv

ABSTRACT        –                  –        –        –        –        –        v

TABLE OF CONTENTS –      –        –        –        –        –        vi

LIST OF TABLES         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        x

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study   –        –        –        –        –        1

1.2 Statement of the problem            –        –        –        –        4

1.3 Objectives of the study      –        –        –        –        –        5

1.4 Research question             –        –        –        –        –        6

1.5 Statement of hypothesis    –        –        –        –        –        7

1.6 significance of the study    –        –        –        –        –        8

1.7 Scope of the study   –        –        –        –        –        –        9

1.8 Limitation of the study      –        –        –        –        –        9

1.9 Definition of terms            –        –        –        –        –        9

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

2.1.    Local Government and Rural Development                   –        12

2.2.    Inadequate Skilled Workers and Rural Development    18

2.3.    Inadequate Finance and Rural Development                 –        21

2.4.    Theoretical Framework           –        –        –        –        26

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research design       –        –        –        –        –        –        28

3.2 Area of the Study    –                  –        –        –        –        –        28              3.3 Population of the study          –        –        –        –        –        30

3.4 Sample of the study          –        –        –        –        –        30

3.5 Sampling technique –        –        –        –        –        –        32

3.6 Instrumentation       –        –        –        –        –        –        32

3.6.1 Validity of the instrument                 –        –        –        –        33

3.6.2 Reliability of the instrument              –        –        –        34

3.7 Method of data analysis    –        –        –        –        –        34

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1 Data presentation and analysis   –        –        –        –        36

4.2 Testing of the hypotheses  –        –        –        –        –        54

4.3 Discussion of the findings           –        –        –        –        –        64

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Summary of study             –        –        –        –        –        68

5.2 Conclusion     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        69

5.3 Recommendation     –        –        –        –        –        –        70

REFERENCES    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        72

APPENDIX          –        –        –        –        –        –        –        77

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Distribution of respondents based on sex                 –        36

Table 2: Distribution of respondents based on age                 –        37

Table 3: Distribution of respondents based on marital status 38

Table 4: Distribution of respondents based on educational status      39

Table 5: Distribution of respondents based on occupation     40

Table 6: Distribution of respondents based on religion           41

Table 7:  Respondents opinion on: Local government is an

agent of rural development                                            42

Table 8: Respondents opinion on: Bekwarra Local

Government Council has contributed substantially

to rural development     –        –        –        –        –        43

Table 9:  Respondents opinion on: Bekwarra Local

Government Council has failed to carry out some

remarkable projects in the rural area          –        –        44

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Table 10: Respondents opinion on: The local people feel

the impact of Bekwarra Local Government                   –        45

Table 11: Respondents opinion on: Bekwarra Local