A SURVEY OF TEENAGE PROBLEMS IN NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
This study concerned the prevalence of students problems amongst Niger state secondary school students. Using responses from a sample of 200 SS in stratified cum randomly selected six secondary schools, the researcher investigated the pattern of differences in their self-reported problems between low and high SES background, sexes, failing and passing adolescents, and among the three type of schools attended. The responses from the SS level of perceived undisciplined behaviour in Niger state- land were used as criterion measure and their self reported problems in student problems Inventory (SPl) as independent measures, to predict undisciplined behaviour in Niger state. The results revealed a high prevalence of students problems and the three most important independent variables in the SPl predicting the adolescents’ perceived indisciplined behaviour were: physical and health problem; social psychological problems, and school adjustment problems. In view of the great psychological stress reported by the adolescents, the roles of a professional counsellor in these schools were suggested.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The problems the average teenage or youth in secondary schools in Nigeria has reached an alarming rate thus leading to the urgent need for effective counseling to help guide and nurture these young minds to avoid been overwhelmed by these problems which may lead them to making costly mistakes for their future.
It has been very glaring that Guidance and Counseling which helps in the identification of teenage problems and rendering possible support were necessary has been lacking in our educational system especially in the secondary schools, until recently, this discipline has been grossly omitted in the system. Due to the absence of career guidance, many students have not got the proper skill to function effectively among her contemporaries. A good number of students have not been able to examine their potentialities and attempt to find career that will bring them job satisfaction; this may be attributed to either not Listening to a guidance counselor not receiving counsel at all. It is therefore imperative to expose students to various methods or ways of solving their problems, this cannot be over emphasized. It has been discovered that most schools do not have a functional guidance and counseling in solving teenage problems rather what exist is a miniature office occupied by teaching staff who offers skeletal guidance occasionally to students a wall as still teach his/her complete weekly periods, hence not having time for the guidance and counseling services.
In view of this schools are encouraged to have a solid and functional guidance and counseling program being headed by qualified counselor to meet the individual needs of the students.
STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM
The poor academic performance of the teenager in examinations in secondary schools should not be blamed on either the teaching pattern of the child’s lack of receptiveness to teaching it may have been caused by the enormous problems confronting the teenager which in most cases may not be noticed by teachers and thus these problems has adversely affected these youths in secondary schools and has made them join bad peers in other to confide in someone which most of the times has led to the increase of cultism, prostitution and other vices in secondary schools which has by extension led to the decline in the product of teenagers who graduate from the secondary school annually.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The major aim of the study is to examine teenage problems in secondary schools in Niger state with the aim of rendering an effective counseling to eradicate if possible these problems faced by the teenager. Other specific objectives of the study include;
- To examine the need for effective counseling in secondary schools.
- To determine the impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools.
- To recommend ways of improving counseling to teenagers in secondary schools
- What are the problems of teenagers in secondary schools in Niger state?
- What is the need for effective counseling in secondary schools?
- What is the impact of counseling services on teenage problems in secondary schools?
- What are the ways of improving counseling to teenagers in secondary schools?
H0: there is no significant impact of counseling on the problems of teenagers in Niger state.
H1: there is a significant impact of counseling on the problems of teenagers in Niger state.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study would be of immense importance to the leadership of secondary schools in Nigeria as it would reveal the need for adequate counseling services in our secondary schools in other to tackle the problems faced by teenagers. The study would also benefit students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing a further study on the subject matter.
SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study is restricted to the survey of teenage problems in Niger state secondary schools and the need for counseling.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work