AFRICA: THE CHALLENGES OF SURVIVAL

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CHAPTER ONE

1.1       EUROPE ANIMPERIALISMINAFRICA

Imperialism is the policy of state aiming at establishing controlbeyonditsbordersoverpeopleunwillingtoacceptsuchcontrol.Because of this unwillingness imperialist policy always involves the useofpoweragainstitsvictims.Thereforethelogicofimperialismispower. It does not stand to reason. Power has no limitation. It is avictoriouspsychology. Itlongsforconquest.

The term imperialism as defined here dates back to the last half ofthe 19th century, but the phenomenon it describes is as old ascivilization. Ancient and modern imperialisms haveincommonnot only the end but many means. The ancient Roman Empiredeveloped from the imperial strength of Rome vis-à-vis its weakneighbours.TheCommunistRussiaandUSAareusingtheirideological and technological weapons to spread imperialism overtheworld today.

In the 15th century A.D Portugal and Spain were the two mostpowerful countries in Europe. It was in order to avoid conflict betweenthemthatthePopebyhisBulldividedtheworldintotwopartsbetween Spain and Portugal. With the Papal Bull Spain was given afreehand over South America while Portugal was free to colonize Asiawithout any interruption. But when other powers in Europe lke France,BritainandHolland,feltthemselvessufficientlypowerfulenoughtochallenge Spain and Portugal, they asked the Pope if God had given theinheritance of the earth to Spain and Portugal alone. This commercialchallengeledtothedeclineofSpainandPortugal,andpreparedthe.