ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL

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 CHAPTER ONE

1.1. INTRODUCTION

Foundation is that part of the structure which transmits the load from the superstructure to the soil without any kind of distress in the superstructure as well as the soil. The foundation also known as substructure can be broadly classified into two types; (i) Foundation structure and (ii) Retaining structure. The foundation structure is mainly subjected to vertical loads, transmitted from the super structure while the retaining structure is mainly subjected to the horizontal loads, the earth pressures. As both the structures are concerned with the contact with the soil, so it has been classified under the Foundation Systems as the broader field.

The figure below shows the flowchart of the foundation system showing the foundation structure and retaining structure outlay.