ANALYSIS AND DETERMINATION OF THE QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE PHOTOCHEMICALS PRESENT IN NEWBOULDIA LAEVIS LEAVES

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ABSTRACT

The study investigated analysis and determination of the qualitative and quantitative photo chemicals present in the leaves of ogirisi (newbouldialeavis) plant. Experimental laboratory design was used to analyse the palnt for the present of proximate and anti-nutrient component of the plant (newbouldialeavis). Result of the study showed that ogirisi (newbouldialeavis) contains saponin, ash, moisture, crude fiber,  crude protein, cardic glycogen, oxalate and trypsin inhibitor in the concentration of 1.59, 85.3%, 8.56%, 5%, 49.15%, 4%, 4.310mg and 1.162mg respectively. Hence the study recommend that Newbouldia leavis(Ogirisi) medicinal properties should be harnessed and used for medical treatment of diseases.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Plants are important in our everyday existence. They provide our foods, produce the oxygen we breathe, and serve as raw materials for many industrial products such as clothes, foot wears and so many others (Ajibesin, 2011). The plant kingdom has proven to be the most useful in the treatment of diseases and they provide an important source in all the world pharmaceuticals. The most important of these bioactive constituents of plants are steroids, terpenoids, carotids, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannin’s and glycosides. Plants in all face of life have served a valuable starting material for drug development (Ajibesin, 2011). Plants also have ethical values. Ethical values of plants are based on their religious or quasi- religious feelings of people of many cultures that life forms have intrinsic value and some degree of protection from destruction by humans. In every culture, human beings have different ways of using and protecting plant genetic resources. Ethnography is the scientific study of the dynamics relationships that exist between people and plants (Alcorn, 1995). Ethno-botany aims to document.