ANALYZING ADMINISTRATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ENUGU URBAN
This study of school administration identified the problems prospects of effective administration of secondary school as well as the competencies needed for effective administration of the secondary school by the principle
Based on the research question twenty problem items nineteen prospect item and sixteen competency items were administered to twelve prncopals of secondary schools Enugu Urban. The three research question which guided this study are.
1. What are the problems facing the effective management/ administration of the secondary school
2. What are the competencies needed for effective administration of the secondary school?
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The western from of formal education started back in 1842 by the activities of the Christian missionaries while real secondary education in Nigeria started in 1926 with first education followed by Hussey’s educational proposal of 1930
Since then mission and other voluntary organizations had been in control of primary secondary and teachers education till 1970 when the federal military government took over of school from voluntary organizations.
The aim and objective was to enable the government rededicate theracy in the country through rapid educational expansion. This led the federal military government of Nigeria to introduce the universal primary education (U.PE) (1976) this programme resulted in population explosion of pupils in primary schools to the extent that the existing school resources were no longer enough for the pupils now eager to recover education.
The pupils were sheds and manpower were equally not sufficient leading to the employment of untrained teachers usually described as auxiliary teachers ands also the introduction of crash programmes
The graduated of the primary schools found it difficult to get admission in the existing secondary school because of the insufficient number of secondary school is this pushed the government to establish secondary school here and there the communities also established secondary schools through self efforts to enable their children gain admission into schools near their homes to reduce the cost of feeding housing and other sundry expenses etc.
Unfortunately the aim and objective for the establishment of secondary education in Nigeria is no longer receiving the necessary attention hence our secondary education is facing a lot of set backs. This set backs cluster around ineffective and inefficient management of the secondary schools by the state ministry of education
For the aim and objective of secondary education to reflect its purpose there is the need for both efficiency and effectiveness in the management of the secondary school by both the state education ministry and secondary school management itself.
The success or failure of any school depends partly a the type of leader managing the affairs of the school. To perform effectively in the educational system and the schools as an educational system and the schools as an administrator the researcher has adopted the definition of leadership as by fielder (1967) and Stogdill (1960)
To Stogdil leadership is the process of influencing group activities towards goal- setting and goal achievement. Fielder focused on personal decision of leaders as constituting leadership effectiveness. He is of the view that a group success depends on two factors the leadership style and the amount of control and influence the leader has on a group also that task and outcome. It goes on to define the leader as the individuals in the group given the task related group activities and who in the absence of designated leader carries the primary responsibility of performing these functionless in the group.