ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES AND COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN NSUKKA RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

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ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES AND COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN NSUKKA RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA ()

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the nutritional status and cognitive performance of preschool children aged 3-5 years in urban and rural areas of Nsukka in Enugu State, Nigeria. A total of 400 pre-school children aged 3 -5 years were involved. Four schools in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State were selected by multistage sampling technique. Two schools each were randomly selected from the list of schools in the Nsukka rural and urban areas.

The study collected data on child related factors, mother’s socioeconomic status, household size, environmental conditions, child health and nutritional status, using structured questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements of height, weight and arm circumference were taken using standardized procedures. Ziler’s “Draw a person test” was used to assess the cognitive performance of the children. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 13 computer software. Analytical tools used included descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviation). Chi-square analysis was used to appraise the validity and reliability of the dependent variables. Anthropometric values were compared with World Health Organisation child growth reference standards. About 20.5% of the children in the study area were stunted, 16.5% were underweight, and 12.0% were wasted.

The prevalence of stunting, underweight, and wasting were higher among rural children than their urban counterparts. Rural male children were significantly (P<0 .05=”” 14.7=”” 3.9=”” 8.8=”” a=”” also=”” among=”” and=”” association=”” between=”” children.=”” children=”” cognitive=”” counterparts=”” education=”” female=”” higher=”” in=”” male=”” more=”” mothers=”” of=”” performance=”” prevalent=”” respectively.=”” rural=”” significant=”” significantly=”” stunted=”” sup=”” than=”” the=”” their=”” there=”” underweight=”” urban=”” vs.=”” vs=”” was=”” wasting=”” were=””>2 = 3.118; df = 2 P= 0.027) and urban (X2 = 2.891; df = 2; P= 0.029 ) areas.

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ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES AND COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN NSUKKA RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA ()

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