ANTIMICROBIAL AND CYTOTOXICITY OF Mondia whitei ( EDUCATION PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS)
INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW
- Background of the Study
Plant medicine are the most widely medicine in the world today. A full eighty percent (80%) of the world’s population employs herbs as their primary medicine and while drugstore shelves in the world are stocked mostly with synthetic remedies. In the other parts of the world the situation is quite different pharmacies dispense herbs prescribed by physicians.
Historically, plants have provided sources of inspiration for novel drug compounds as plant derived medicine have made large contributions to human health and well being. Their roles are two folds in the development of new drugs (a)they may become the base of development of new drugs, (b) a phytomedicine to be used for the treatment of disease.
The search for agents to cure diseases began long before people became aware of the existence of microbes. Plants have always played a major role in the treatment of human and animal disease. Early attempts to cure disease using natural substances usually native plants or their extracts or and many of these herbal remedies proved successful.
Like the eating the bark of cinchona tree for example, prevented and frequently cured malarial. Only in modern times was quinine shown to be active ingredient in the bark. As observed by ancient Egyptians, the eating of bread over grown with blue green mould helped person to be afflicted with certain diseases.(Sofowora, A. 1980)