ANTI NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF SECURIDACA LONGEPEDUNCULATA (VIOLET TREE). RESEARCH TOPICS ON BIOLOGY

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 ANTI NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF SECURIDACA LONGEPEDUNCULATA (VIOLET TREE). RESEARCH TOPICS ON BIOLOGY

ABSTRACT

The anti nutritional composition of leafs and stem bark s. longepedunculata were investigated using standard analytical methods. The leafs and stem bark of S. longepedunculata was air dried and the sample was pulverized for the determination of anti-nutritive contents. The anti nutritional continents viz phytate, oxalate, nitrate and cyanide were determined in this investigation. Nitrate content was significantly (p<0 .001=”” abundant=”” and=”” bark=”” be=”” both=”” by=”” cyanide=”” followed=”” found=”” in=”” leafs=”” non-significant=”” oxalate=”” p=”” phytate=”” stem=”” the=”” to=”” were=””>0.05) in both the leafs and stem bark. In conclusion, the result of the present study shows that both the leafs and stem bark can be consumed without any restriction. However, consumption in large amount with higher level of these anti-nutrients should be avoided.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 INTRODUCTION:

Plants commonly synthesized a range of secondary metabolites as part of their protection against attack by herbivores, insects and pathogen or as a means to survive in adverse growing conditions. If farm or domestic animals or humans consume these plants, these compounds may cause adverse physiological effects. The terms anti nutritional or natural toxicant have been widely employed or describe plant defense metabolites in the food and nutrition literature. The observed biological effects very greatly, depending upon the structures of the individual compound, which can range from high molecular weight proteins to simple amino acids and oligosaccharides (Khokhar and Apenten, 2006).

Anti nutritional factors are those substances found in most food substance which are poisonous to humans or in some ways limit the nutrient availability to the body. Plant evolved these substances to protect them and prevent them from being eaten. However, if the diet is not varied, some of this toxin builds up in the body to harmful levels (Norman and Petter 1987).

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 ANTI NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF SECURIDACA LONGEPEDUNCULATA (VIOLET TREE). RESEARCH TOPICS ON BIOLOGY

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