THE APPLICATION OF MOTIVATIONAL THEORY IN THE WORKPLACE AS IT AFFECT ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ASSURE INVESTMENT LIMITED, UYO)
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Motivational theory as always been central problem for leaders and managers in organizations because unmotivated employees in an organization are likely to spend little or no effort in their jobs, avoid the workplace as much as possible, exit the organization if given the opportunity and produce low quality work. On the other hand, employees who feel motivated to work are likely to be persistent, creative and productive, which turning out high quality work that they willingly undertake. There has been a lot of research done on motivation by many scholars but the behaviour of groups of people to try to find out, why it is that every employee of company does not perform at their best has been comparatively not researched; many things can be said to answer this question? The reality is that every employee as different ways to become motivated. Employers need to get to know their employees very well and use different tactics to motivate each of them based on their personal wants and needs.
The dictionary Webster’s defines motivation as something inside people that drives them to action. This motivation varies in different people. We can also say that motivation is the willingness to work at certain level of effort.
Motivation emerges, in current theories, out of needs, values, goals, intentions and expectation. Because motivation comes from within, manager’s need to cultivate and direct the motivation that their employees already have motivation comes from within us such as thoughts, beliefs, ambitions and goals. The people who are most interested in motivation studies are managers of people because they may provide insight into why people perform at work as they do and as a result provide managers with techniques to improve worker productivity.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
There is a need for further research on motivation, therefore researcher goal is to reveal what it is that motivates employees to perform at their best and achieve optimal business results at all times. The inherent problem researcher have identified is that many employers have attempted several different incentive programmes to motivate their employees, yet they have not worked for everyone in the company. This is a major problem faced by employers these days, due to the fact that each employer’s company is founded on the strength of its employee’s performances.