APPRAISAL OF THE IMPACT OF DELAYS IN PROJECT DELIVERY IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY 

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Abstract

Delay is one of the biggest problems often experienced on construction project sites. Delays can instigates negative effects such as increased costs, loss of productivity and revenue many lawsuits between owners and contractors and contract termination.  The aim of this project is to investigate the causes and effects of delay on building construction project delivery time in Cross Rivers state. Random sampling technique was used in this study. Population sample of 150 was used in this work. A total sample of ninety three (93) was deployed. A structured questionnaire in Likert scale was used in data collection.  There are many factors that induce delay on construction projects, however in some of identified  factors includes: lack of funds to finance the project to completion, changes in drawings, lack of effective communication among the parties involved , lack  of adequate information from consultants, slow decision making and contractor’s insolvency, variations among others. Also, project management problem, mistake and discrepancies in contract document, equipment availability and failure, mistakes during construction, bad weather, fluctuation in prices of building materials, inappropriate overall organizational structure linking to the project and labour. The factors above could be observed and could be a clue to preventing delay on construction sites.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the study

It is believed that one of the prevailing problems of construction industry in Nigeria is the impact of delays in project delivery. It is very important for both public and private projects to be completed on time and within budgets. Normally, achieving the projects within predetermined time, budget and quality is the basic purpose of construction project control. Construction delays is simply the time during which some part of the construction project has been extended beyond what was originally planned due to unanticipated circumstances.

Project success is basically to gain the project objectives that are classically defined by the need to complete a project on time, within the budget and with appropriate quality. Hence any disruptions to the project objectives will certainly contribute to project delays with the specified adverse effect on project objectives. Delays can give rise to disruption of work and loss of productivity, late completion of project, increase time related costs, third party claims, abandonment or determination of contract. Delays are costly and often result in disputes and claims. Furthermore, delays effects the feasibility for project owner and retard the development in construction industry.

Before determining the effect of delay on project, one must determine whether the delay is critical. Additionally, all delays are either excusable or non-excusable. Both excusable and non-excusable can be defined as either concurrent or non-concurrent. Delays can be further broken down into compensable or non-compensable delays. Unfortunately, many construction projects cannot be delivered within specified time and budget. Many project shows massive cost and time overruns, in some cases client has to increase project time and cost. In an attempt to solve these problems, there are various strategies applied which will be discuss at the course of this presentation.

Delays are perhaps the most common form of construction claims or even disputes. The problem is that, the parties involved in the process could hardly identify the reason and responsibility of each one in the specific task. Delays and claims resulted from works which are not carried-out precisely as the contract required. Accordingly, avoiding delays is a crucial concerned not only with good practice during the planning and execution of the works but also with the proper operation of the contract machinery.

This project seeks to identify the impact of delays on project delivery in Nigeria construction industry. Appropriate strategies to

control delays and develop a guide him of information management for prevention and control are also covered in this work.