ASSESSMENT OF ACCESS TO WASTE DUMP SITES IN NIGERIA CASE STUDY OF GIDAN KWANO MINNA NIGER STATE

506

ABSTRACT

One of the major problems confronting Minna today is poor access to dump sites. The aim of this study was designed to (1) Examine the methods of solid waste disposal and management practice among neighbourhood. (2) To investigate the frequency of solid waste collection by the Authority responsible for it. (3) To determine the number of solid waste dumpsters in the study area. (4) To find out problems of access to dump sites among neighbourhood. In order to effectively carryout the project, four research questions and four hypothesis were postulated. Primary and secondary data were collected to give substance to the work. Again, sample size of 400 households in six neighbourhoods was used while stratified random sampling techniques were used in administering questionnaires to the neighborhoods. The distribution sample was obtained by using the Yamani’s formular of 5% allowable error. Data collected were presented inform of tables. Hypothesis one to four was tested by using ANOVA. The research findings revealed that solid waste disposal and management practice differs among neighborhood to another p = 0.000 which is less than critical value of 0.01. Hence, the result show a significant difference of solid waste disposal method and management practice among the neighbourhood of the study area. The difference of solid waste collection by the Authority responsible differs among different neighbourhood of the study area p = 0.000 is less than critical value 0.01. Hence, the result showed a significant difference in the frequency of solid waste collection by Authority responsible among different study locations. Number of solid waste dumpsters among neigbhourhood in the study areas were significantly different p =0.00; Hence, the result p = 0.000 in this study is less than critical value 0.01. the problems of access to dump sites differ among neighbourhood were significantly different p 0.000; Hence, result in this study is less than critical value 0.01. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made to improve on access to dump sites among neighbourhood in Minna. (1) The authority should provide more dumpsters that will meet the volume of solid waste being generated by neighbourhood. (2) Creating awareness and enlightenment to individuals in each neighbourhood on the right methods of solid waste disposal.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of The Study

Waste disposal has been a serious challenge in Nigerian cities especially as rural-urban like GidanKwano in Minna, Niger state North central part of Nigeria. The growing environmental and ecological concerns have made the landfill site selection regulations more rigid. The very preliminary step in landfill engineering is the selection of the appropriate location of dumping the hazardous and non hazardous waste materials. The proper sitting of a landfill takes into account all factors of the surrounding landscape and environment and assures that the landfill is in compliance with the engineering and environmental stipulations. The factors associated with the task of landfill location are more and are essentially of spatial nature. When a huge database of is created for the critical parameters identity, the problem arises how to manage and analyze them. It is widely accepted that the management of solid waste is a global problem. This problem is even more pronounced in developing countries such as Nigeria where solid waste management is a major concern. Adeyemi et al, (2001) observed that solid waste constitute a major problem in most developing countries. Adeyemi added that waste management is one of the most intractable problems facing city administrators and environmental agencies. Ogwueleka, (2009) reported that solid waste management is by far one of the greatest challenges facing environmental bodies in the country. As a result of the management challenges, Adefemi and Awokunmi, (2009) reported a breakdown of law and order in relation to waste management. They observed that urban centres are experiencing an increased rate of environmental deterioration as a result of indiscriminate dumping of solid waste. Omuta, (2011) noted that one notable flaws in waste management administration in developing countries is the unavailability of a proper waste management policy.