ASSESSMENT OF OPEN SPACE LOCATION AND ITS FUNCTIONALITY TO PLANNING IN AKURE

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ASSESSMENT OF OPEN SPACE LOCATION AND ITS FUNCTIONALITY TO PLANNING IN AKURE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
    Today’s changing world, values and standards of human were changed with urbanization. In this innovation people was differentiated
    existing uses and produced new areas. These changes vary from country to country to the point of economic, cultural and geographical
    reasons. Also, these locations were determined to same principles basis for human uses. Life style was changed with urbanization. In this
    process rural areas were changed to urban areas. These areas are dominated by mass of concrete. In these areas there are small green areas
    at a minute level. In the process of rapid urbanization was created an unnatural environment. In the developed countries, open space
    locations were effected physical and mental development of residents. This effect was adversely. With this innovation in urban areas,
    people entered into a craving for natural areas. At initial, green areas have been created to resolve natural longing of people. Open spaces
    location has become the indispensable elements of ecological, aesthetic and recreational value. Establish of open space systems has
    become a necessity in today. Open spaces is said to be all open spaces of public value, including not just Land but also Islands, bodies of
    Water such as Rivers, Canals, Lakes, and reservoirs which offer important opportunity for Sports and outdoor recreation and can also act as
    a visual amenity, David (2011). An open space location focuses on officially designated existing or planned public open spaces that are
    available to the public at no cost or through a nominal fee, Travlou (2007). The term “Open space location can be described as many types
    of open areas”. As the counterpart of development, Marilyn (2011) described urban open spaces as natural and cultural resource,
    synonymous” with neither “unused Land” nor park or recreational areas; or Land or water area with its surface open to the sky, consciously
    acquired or publicly regulated to serve conservation and urban shaping function as well as provide recreational opportunities. As noted by
    many authors such as Marilyn (2011), the Landscapes of urban open spaces can range from playing field to highly maintained environment
    to relatively natural landscapes. They are commonly open to public access. The authors also observed that urban open spaces may be
    privately owned. These include areas outside of city boundaries such as state and national parks as well as open spaces in the Countryside.
    However, Kayden (2011) shows that Public open space is defined as public or privately owned land that is publicly accessible and has been
    designated for leisure, play or sports or a portion of land set aside for the protection and/or enhancement of the natural environment. It is
    well established that the utilization of public open spaces have long been regarded as an important part of residential development in land
    use planning. This is not far from the prescriptions in the Akure Master Plan which is unfortunately not being properly managed,
    implemented and maintained Falade (2011) in his article on public acquisition of land for landscaping and open space management shows
    that since the mid- 1950s there has been a growing interest in recreation, conservation of public open spaces, pollution abatement and
    myriad of other ways to improve the quality of the environment. He further showed that there has been an increasing demand for
    recreational public open spaces for leisure and its related activities. The importance of open spaces to our environment and quality of life is
    increasingly recognized (De Groot, 2011; Naveh, 2010; Ward Thompson, 2013; Chiesura, 2012). In many countries, open spaces are today
    regarded an integral part of land use planning decisions. However, approaches to open space planning vary, and there is no general
    agreement on the desirable planning criteria as to how much open space is needed, where open spaces should be located or how they
    should be used. Various methods and concepts of open space planning that emerged over the years are described in literature. Yet, those
    have never been compared on a systematic basis. The purpose of the present study is to review and analyze open space location and its
    functionality to planning in Akure.
  2. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
    The utilization of public open spaces in Akure is a major problem which can be shown in different ways from observation of some public
    open spaces in Akure. As Oruwari (2011) and Abdulkarim (2010) observed some of the public open spaces are being given out for residential
    development and other land uses far from open space concern, those not given out are neglected and turned to dump sites. However, in the
    present day land-use system in Nigeria especially in Akure, Public open spaces though available are hardly accessed and utilized in the area.
    Abdulkarim (2010) and Oruwari (2011) showing that some of the public open spaces available have either being reallocated to nonpublic
    open spaces uses nor managed or neglected and have become homes for the mentally disturbed, and hoodlums. The importance of public
    open spaces cannot be over emphasized. Akure has a range of public open spaces which ought to be maintained to enhance utilization and
    improve the quality of life of the people. Public open space should be planned in conjunction with other land-uses for multiple objectives.
    Hence the study seems to examine the assessment of open space location and its functionality to planning in Akure.
  3. AIMS OF THE STUDY
    The major aim of the study is to examine assessment of open space location and its functionality to planning in Akure. Other specific
    objectives of the study include;
  4. To examine the problems of managing open space location in Akure
  5. To examine the importance of open spaces location in the built environment.
  6. To examine the impact of open space location and its functionality on planning in Akure.
  7. To examine the functionality of open space location to planning in Akure.
  8. To examine the relationship between open space location, its functionality and planning in Akure.
  9. To suggest ways in making open spaces an integral part of a sustainable environment.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What are the problems of managing open space location in Akure?
  2. What is the importance of open spaces location in the built environment?
  3. What is the impact of open space location and its functionality on planning in Akure?
  4. What is the functionality of open space location to planning in Akure?
  5. What is the relationship between open space location, its functionality and planning in Akure?
  6. What are ways in making open spaces an integral part of a sustainable environment?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

Hypothesis 1

  1. : There are is no significant impact of open space location and its functionality on planning in Akure.
  2. : There is a significant impact of open space location and its functionality on planning in Akure.
    Hypothesis 2
    H0: There is no significant relationship between open space location, its functionality and planning in Akure.
    H1: There is a significant relationship between open space location, its functionality and planning in Akure.
  1. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
    The study will be of profound benefits to enlighten the people on the body system needs which is not be overworked and constantly under
    stress. And also, that there is usually a time for one to get o the usual routine daily activities that are geared towards the pursuit of wealth.
    The importance of recreation to the individual well-being cannot be over emphasized. Open space are intended to provide a means of
    escape from the cramped, confined and controlling circumstances of the streets of the town, in order words, a sense of enlarged freedom,
    Alexander (2011). A well planned public open space has the propensity to attract and/or induce people to utilize it. The abandonment or
    neglect of public parks denies the people the opportunity to recreate. This study would also be of immense benefit to students and scholars
    who are interested in developing further studies on the subject matter.
    1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
    The study is restricted to assessment of open space location and its functionality to planning in Akure.
    LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
    Financial constraint:
    Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or
    information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)
    Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on
    the time devoted for the research work.

ASSESSMENT OF OPEN SPACE LOCATION AND ITS FUNCTIONALITY TO PLANNING IN AKURE

ASSESSMENT OF OPEN SPACE LOCATION AND ITS FUNCTIONALITY TO PLANNING IN AKURE