BUSINESS EDUCATION AND EMPLOYABILITY OF ITS GRADUATES IN THE LABOUR MARKET OF AKWA IBOM STATE

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BUSINESS EDUCATION AND EMPLOYABILITY OF ITS GRADUATES IN THE LABOUR MARKET OF AKWA IBOM STATE

ABSTRACT
This study sought to determine the influence of Business Education and Employability of Business Education in the labour market. The study was guided by four specific objectives four research questions and four null hypotheses which were tested at 0.5 level of significance. Survey research design was adopted in the study. The population consisted of 820 business education graduates in the district. Simple random sampling technique was used in the study. A total of 112 business education graduates constituted the sample size for the study. A 20 – Item questionnaire develop by the researcher tagged “Business Education and Employability of Graduates Questionnaire” was validated by three experts in the Faculty of Education, University of Uyo. The reliability coefficient stood at .88. The data obtained were analysed using mean, standard deviation and dependent t-test. The findings revealed that there is a significant influence of Business Education and employability of Business Education graduates endowed with great skills to achieve the organizational goals. It was recommended among others that there should be a review of business education curriculum to reflect the acquisition of these basic skills for self-reliance.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Pages
Title page – – – – – – – – i
Declaration – – – – – – – – ii
Certification – – – – – – – – iii
Dedication – – – – – – – – iv
Acknowledgement – – – – – – – v
Abstract – – – – – – – – vi
Table of content – – – – – – – vii
List of table – – – – – – – – viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study – – – – – 1
Statement of Problem – – – – – – 3
Purpose of the Study – – – – – – 4
Significance of the Study – – – – – 5
Research Questions – – – – – – 5
Research Hypotheses – – – – – – 6
Limitations of the Study – – – – – 7
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Theoretical framework – – – – – 8
2.1.1 Vocational Education Theory by Prosser (1949) – – 9
2.1.2 Theory of Hierarchy of Need by Maslow (1943) – – 11
2.2 Conceptual Framework – – – – 12
2.2.1 Accounting Skills and employability of Business Education
Graduates – – – – – – 14
2.2.2 Management skills and employability of Business Education
Graduates – – – – – – 16
2.2.3 Marketing Skills and Employability of Business Education
Graduates – – – – – – 16
2.2.5 Entrepreneurial skills employability of Business Education
Graduates – – – – – – – 17
2.2.6 Concept of Business Education – – – – 20
2.2.7 Concept of Employability – – – – – 21
2.3 Related Empirical Studies – – – – – 22
2.4 Summary of Related Literature – – – – 25
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS
3.1 Design of the study – – – – – – 27
3.2 Area of the Study – – – – – – 27
3.3 Population of the Study – – – – – 29
3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique – – – – 29
3.5 Instrumentation – – – – – – 29
3.5.1 The Validation of the Instrument – – – – 30
3.5.2 Reliability of the Instrument – – – – – 31
3.6 Administration of Instrument – – – – – 31
3.7 Method of Data Analysis – – – – – 32
3.7.1 Decision rule – – – – – – – 32
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
4.1 Data Answering of Research questions – – – 33
4.1.1 Research Question 1 – – – – – – 33
4.1.2 Research Question 2 – – – – – – 34
4.1.3 Research Question 3 – – – – – – 35
4.2 Testing of Hypotheses – – – – – – 36
4.2.1 Hypothesis I – – – – – – – 36
4.4.2 Management skills and employability of Business Education
Graduates in the labour market – – – – 37
4.4.3 Marketing skills and employability of Business Education
Graduates – – – – – – – 38
4.4.4 Entrepreneurial skills and Employability of Business Education
Graduates – – – – – – – 39
4.4 Accounting skills and Employability of Business – –
4.2.2 Hypothesis II – – – – – – – 40
4.2.3 Hypothesis III – – – – – – – 41
4.2.4 Hypothesis IV – – – – – – – 42
4.3 Findings of the Study – – – – – – 42
4.4 Discussion of the Findings – – – – – 43
4.5 Accounting skills and Employability of Business Education
Graduate – – – – – – – 43
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Re – Statement of the problem – – – – 44
5.2 Description of procedures Used – – – – 45
5.3 Educational implication of the study – – – – 46
5.4 Conclusion – – – – – – – 47
5.5 Recommendations – – – – – – 48
5.6 Suggestions for further studies – – – – 49
REFERENCES – – – – – – 50
APPENDICES – – – – – – 52
QUESTIONNAIRES – – – – – – 53

LIST OF TABLES
Table Title Page

Table I: Mean Analysis of the influence of Accounting skills on
employability of Business education graduates in the labour
markets – – – – – – 33

Table 2: Mean Analysis of the influence of management skills on
employability of Business Education graduates in the labour
market.- – – – – – – – 34

Table 3: Mean Analysis of Influence of marketing skills on
employability of Business Education graduates in the labour
market. – – – – – – – 35

Table 4: Mean Analysis of influence of Entrepreneurial skills on
employability of Business Education graduates in the labour
market. – – – – – – – 36

Table 5: t – test Analysis of the influence of Accounting skill on
employability of Business Education graduates in the labour market
scale entrepreneurs to keep financial records negatively affect the
growth of their business ability to secure loans from financial
institutions in helping Business Education graduates to become
self reliance. – – – – – -37

Table 6: t – test Analysis of the influence of management skills and
employability of Business Education graduates in the labour market. 40

Table 7: t – test Analysis on the influence of marketing skills and
employability of Business Education graduates in the labour market`- 41

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The source of quality in education would include well maintained buildings with all required gadgets being conducive to learning outstanding lecturers, high moral values, excellent examination results, specialization, the support of parents, business, local community and non-governmental organization, the support, adequate facilities, the application of the latest technology, strong and purposeful leadership, care and concern for pupils or students a balanced curriculum that is the curriculum that matches the employers demand in the labour market (Adeyanju and Olaniyi, 2015).
The quality of graduates in Akwa Ibom State is on rapid decline especially in the area of valuable skills including; communication, technical abilities, human interaction, social, conceptual and analytical capacity (Anho, 2011).
Anho (2011) noted further that the National University Commission (NUC) in 2020 organized a curriculum review debate in collaboration with other stakeholders in the education and observed graduates who left schools between 1995 and 2000; they found out that standard hade actually declined in those critical skills. Consequently, the NUC in its statutory responsibility embarked on conducting comprehensive curriculum review exercise to address current and future high level manpower needs, so that the products from the system can actually complete well with their counterparts around the globe. The mechanism for improving and sustaining quality and high standard in the universities has been set by the Federal Government of Nigeria. However, the actual implementation is yet to yield any meaningful results as quality of university graduates whether from the field of Business Education or other discipline has continue to generate intensives debates and worries.

BUSINESS EDUCATION AND EMPLOYABILITY OF ITS GRADUATES IN THE LABOUR MARKET OF AKWA IBOM STATE

BUSINESS EDUCATION AND EMPLOYABILITY OF ITS GRADUATES IN THE LABOUR MARKET OF AKWA IBOM STATE