CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF BUILDING FAILURE IN NIGERIA IN LAGOS STATE

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                 i

Certification                                                                              ii

Dedication                                                                                iii

Acknowledgement                                                                    iv

Abstract                                                                                    v

Table of content                                                                       vii – viii

CHAPTER ONE 

  1. Introduction
    1. Historical Background of the study
    1. Aim and Objective of the study
    1. Research Question
    1. Scope / Limitation of the study
    1. Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO 

2.0     Preamble

2.1     Causes of Building Failure in Nigeria

2.1.1  Poor Workmanship

2.1.2  Engagement of quack professional / cowboys

2.1.3  Poor Soil Investigation

2.1.4  High Cost of Building Materials

2.1.5  Lack of Proper Monitoring & Supervision

2.1.6  Bad design

2.1.7  Bad Foundation

2.1.8  Extra ordinary Load

2.1.9  Unexpected failure mode

2.1.10  Cases of Building Failure with their causes

2.2     Building Code / Registration

2.3     Challenges to professional Builders in Averting Building Failure  

2.3.1  Studying Production Information

2.3.2  Construction Planning

2.3.3  Managing Construction Process    

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Research Methodology

3.1     Introduction

3.2     Nature of Data

3.3     Research Design

3.4     Population Study   

3.5     Sample Technique

3.6     Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Introduction
    • Data Presentation
    • Data Analysis

4.4     Inspection of Collapsed Building  

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Summary Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1     Introduction

5.2     Summary Finding

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Recommendation   

 REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

Buildings are structure, which serve as shelter for man, properties and activities. They must be properly planned, designed and created to obtain desired satisfaction from the environment.  The factors to be observed in building construction include durability, adequate stability to prevent its failure of discomfort to the users, resistance to weather, fire outbreak and other forms of accidents.

The styles of building construction are constantly changing with introduction of new materials and techniques of construction consequently; the work involved in the design and construction stages of buildings are largely that will meet the expected building standards and aesthetic economy basis.

Several codes of practice universally accepted are available for the design and construction of building and these codes, through foreign, should be followed as a guide to building construction by the building team.  A high level of skill is needed in designing and constructing buildings, competence and construction and craftsmanship from buildings, competence and craftsmanship from  the team, which include the architect, the Engineers or contractor (Structural, Mechanical and Electrical) and the Local Authority.

  1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

However, failure is an unacceptable difference between expected and observed performance.  A failure can be considered as occurring in a component when that component can no longer be relied upon to fulfill its principal functions.  Limited deflection in a floor which cause a certain level of cracking distortion in partition could be reasonably be considered as defect but not a failure, where as excessive defection resulting in serious damage to partition, ceilings and floor is a failure (RODD is 1993). Those who investigate and report on failures of engineers facilities are in good position to identify trends lending to identify trends leading to structural safety problem and to suggest topics for critical research to militate against this trend (CHAPMAN, 2000).

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF BUILDING FAILURE IN NIGERIA IN LAGOS STATE