CHALLENGES IN THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN IMO STATE AND ITS IMPACT ON TOURISM DEVELOPMENT STUDY OF OWERRI METROPOLIS

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ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to examine the Effect of Bad Road to the Tourism Development of Imo State, using Ministry of Youth and Tourism, Imo state as case study. Specifically, the study aimed at discovering the effect of bad road on infrastructure in Imo state; find out the effect of bad road on Tourist site in Imo state; and examine the effect of bad roads on the Tourism attraction in Imo state. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 20 responses were validated from the survey. Regression (Dubin Watson) method of analysis was used to test the hypothesis. From the responses obtained and analysed, the findings revealed that Bad roads in Imo state does not affects Tourist site; bad roads in Imo state impedes Infrastructure, bad roads in Imo state hinders effective Tourism attraction. The study recommend the Ministry of Youth and Tourism should endeavor to monitor constructions of roads properly to ensure that the right quality materials are used to construct roads to avoid easy damage. More so,  bad roads in Imo state should be mended properly, urbanization should be encouraged, so as to attract investors and increase Tourism attraction in the state there by developing the state Tourismally.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study

Tourism development of any economy is dependent on the ability of the country to make effective and efficient use of available resources they have. One of the fundamental factor that facilitate the proper utilization of Tourism resources in the polity is the means of transportation. Transportation is the movement of people, goods and commodities from one location to another. This is done through variety of means or ways either by road, train, air,  and pipeline. However, every means of transportation has its own challenges infrastructural wise.

Transportation is a wealth creating industry on its own inadequate transportation limits a nation’s ability to utilize its natural resources, distributes foods and other finished goods; integrate the manufacturing and agriculture sectors and supply education, medical and other infrastructural facilities. There is the need therefore to maintain and improve the existing transportation and build new infrastructures for a national wealth. The national wealth is the growth domestic products (GDP) which is an indicator or measures of the rate of Tourism growth. Transportation infrastructure is critical to sustain Tourism growth because people want to improve their standard of living and they see increased income as the way to achieve that goal, transportation system enhancement are in turns a means of maintaining or improving Tourism opportunities, quality of life and ultimately income for people in a particular region Lucas (1998). Transportation also has a broader role in shaping development and the environment. Policy concerns in the next millennium will increasingly focus on the effects of transportation on where people live and on where businesses locate; and on the effects that these location decisions have on land use patterns, congestion of urban transportation systems, use of natural resources, air and water quality, and the overall quality of life Issues of urban sprawl, farmland preservation, and air and water quality have already pushed their way to the forefront of policy debates at both the national and local levels. To make prudent decisions, policy makers must be equipped with the best information and analysis possible about the interactions among these various factors. Transportation becomes the back bone of any economy, especially countries like Nigeria, as such an anatomy of aspects relating to inefficiencies and lack of good transportation network in Nigeria coupled with low rate of Tourism growth (GDP) is crucial, attached to this is the poor government policy on transportation (Lack pf regulation of fees charged by private transporters, inadequate fuel.