COMMON UTI ISOLATED FROM PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL

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ABSTRACT

This study aimed to define the Common UTI and incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) among 55 pregnant women attending the antenatal care clinics in primary health center in Ogoja city, Cross River State.  Clean  voided  mid-stream  urine  samples  were  collected  and  cultured.  Isolated  bacteria  were characterized by standard laboratory tests, and antibiotic sensitivity was performed by disk diffusion method. Clinically significant bacterial growth was detected in 30 (54.5%) of the samples examined. Escherichia coli was  the  most  frequent  etiological  agent  of  UTI  (50  %)  followed  by  Staphylococcus  aureus  (13.3%), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.4%). The antimicrobial sensitivity analysis for E. coli, as the most commonly UTI isolated agents, to antibiotics are as follows: chloramphenicol (93.3%), gentamicin (73.3%), ampicillin (73.%), nalidixic acid (26.%), and tetracycline (2%). Our results reveal a high incidence of UTIs with highly variable pattern of antibiotic resistance. More surveillance is needed to enhance in the administration of antibiotics therapies and management of UTIs. Also, increased public educations about personal hygiene are strongly recommended to decrease the incidence of UTIs in pregnant women.

COMMON UTI ISOLATED FROM PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL