IMPACT OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION IN SPECIAL LIBRARIES (A Case Study Of Nation Mathematical Centre, Abuja)
1.1. BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Information technology has been evolving rapidly during the last helf of the 20th century particularly since the 1960s and 1970s. it has revolutionaries the media and its modes of computing, storing and communicating information. The changes in the collection and distribution of information have acted society in many ways. These of information communication technologies in libraries has tremendously increased because it provides enhanced user satisfaction, cost-effectiveness, ensure faster and simpler programmes, resulting in rapid responses and easier operational procedures. Generally, the use of ICT in libraries includes on-line access to library collection, the use of bibliographic databases, on-line literature searching and the sue of personal computers.
Information communication technologies (ICT) makie use of computing, and communications, facilities in support of teaching and learing.
nformation, communication and technology intail the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of information by means of computers, voice machines and telecommunication, (Ehikhamena F. A. 1993). In other world, computer provides the processing, storage and retrieval capabilities while telecommunication on provides the capability, for the transfer and communication of data from one work-station to another.
Information communication technology is a term which encompasses the nation of the application of technologies to information handling, generation,
storage, processing, retrieval, dissemination etc. (Marghalani M. A. 1987). In an increasing competitive environment the concern of managers of library and
information services must not be only with survival of our library and information services, but also with their development within a clear and coherent policy framework. Just as in any other sector of eh economy, library services develop. There needs to be a clear view of the direction that development should take to best meet the developing needs of users.
The new information age has permeated all aspects of human existence (spies, 1998). It has brought certain challenges to the academic world (Pinfield, 2001).
In Nigeria, this challenge is even more critical today. It is apparent that any attempt to have meaningful academic communication can only be successful
through the information and communication technology, which is the application of computer and its peripherals in communicating data within the shortest
available time and over geographical spaces.
This study is based on the availability and the utilization of ICT facilites used in libraries, since the library is the crux of academic activities, it is seen as an
instrument of social change, public enlightment and national progress (Aboyade B. O 1982). It services as repository of information and knowledge that have
provides the vital under-pining in the socio-economic, political and cultural sphere.
In relating this function of libraries to information technologies, (Tamuno, O. G, 1997) comments that it is one thing to generate as much information as
possible, it is quite another thing how ever, to make such information accessible and available when needed, which requires proper storage, processing
accessibility and retrieval. The relevance of information communication and technologies in libraries, particularly in special libraries, is in activities concerned with information storage and retrieval. These activities are concerned with in-house keeping routine such as acquisition, cataloging, serials control, circulation, of library material and the collection fo management statistics.