COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INSTRUMENT FOR IMPROVING RURAL QUALITY AND RURAL TRANSFORMATION IN NIGERIA

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CHAPTER ONE

1.1    INTRODUCTION

A local government is recognized through its function and the purpose it serve or makes to the local populace. It sees to the cultural, political social and economic development of the people within its jurisdiction towards ensuring the improvement of their living standard and to bring about better living condition.

The local populace or people are however the rural dwellers. The question that really comes to mind is why community transformation or who should contribute to community development and transformation. Noticeably, community transformation and local government are interrelated. Hence they work hand in hand.

Community transformation implies that changes and innovation under modernization of sub-tons within the local government which are very far away to the state or regional government.

 However, it should be emphasized that the experienced colonial administration of the birth in Nigeria before independence in 1960 brought a great set back in the grass root development and community transformation which was a result of the selfish interest of the British government, in other words, one can say that colonial administration has exploited both the human and nature resources of community people through various means such as: force labour high taxation, indirect rule system of  government and imbalance of payment in trade exercise and thus left rural area underdeveloped therefore, in an attempt to reduce the problems created by the British government administration if not totally bring about it eradication, the federal government in 1976 launched a nationwide local government reform which was attempt to aimed at trying local government under the same umbrella for effective and sufficient administration and to mark uniformity in their development which now pave way for turning point the history of local government.

The objective of federal government blue print called the guideline for local government reform was improve the quality and image of local government all over Nigeria an effective local government is better placed as a government of the grass root for the development or rural area. In the words of education sovina, it involves a through on-going transformation of social structure and extensive mobilization and motivation of the masses. However, a government that is for away from the day to day realities of rural areas is unlikely to be  required with the task of rural transaction and development in us also has this view, local government are total government worth as basic tissue are to human bodily, without which government will not frugality.

Community transformation as part of local government endeavor as part of local government endeavor shall be discussed in subsequent chapter ahead.

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Prior to 1976 local government reforms in Nigeria that system and structure of local government or authorities in the country was highly cumbersome and diverse with each state practicing his own system of administration as appear best.

Most local government authorities are still financially handicapped and needed expansion on their revenue base. In must local government are charged with a lot of responsibilities and functions and thus, their self generated revenue or internally generated resources are insufficient to meet required needs of its people dutiful tasks under the constitution and guideline are to meet or provides both social political, culture and economic needs of its populace.

In order to ascertain the viability and genius in transformation and development of rural areas of Ilorin south local government of Kwara state. The following statement could be distribution analysis of social development in rural areas, the distribution analysis of social political and economic activities for the areas and its people

1.3    PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

Irrespective of local government limited financial resources from statutory allocation some notable communities and highly respectable individual in development efforts purpose of its creation has yet not been realized. However the objective of the study is to view how such limited funds or resources are distributed and its accountabilities to the public and this is usually justify through the visible infrastructural development of which the citizen are the beneficiary of such project, and also.

  • To examine the level of grass root transformation and development that has been attain in Ilorin south local government of Kwara state so far in time provision of rural essential facilities.
  • To also examine the success and failure of Ilorin south local government in grass root transformation as well as the factors responsible for those functions and responsible suggestion to rectify the situations.
  • To identify the problem that the grass root transformation is facing and on basic of this make recommendation as possible solution to the identified problem.
  • To proffer solution to the problems lastly to know the historical background of Ilorin south local government area of Kwara State.

1.4    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The project will be great importance to government in terms of planning implementation and transformation programmed, the study will contribute to body of existing knowledge.

It will serve as guidance to the local government especially the decision making.

It will serve as materials to others researchers and students of public administration.

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INSTRUMENT FOR IMPROVING RURAL QUALITY AND RURAL TRANSFORMATION IN NIGERIA