A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PIONEER AND THIS DAY NEWS PAPER COVERAGE OF THE AKS GOVERNMENT JANUARY – JUNE 2017
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The newspaper plays a vital role during the democratic dispensation. Since newspapers attract a wide range of readers, they are considered as information medium of communication because they feed the final consumers with elaborate political information on issues affecting the country and the state Akwa Ibom State as a whole.
In terms of coverage, the newspapers perform a number of functions which benefit the individual as a member of the society. Of all the relationships or institutional linkages the one between mass communication and the political institution is one of the most notes worthy. Communication is a political instrument all over the world and the relationship between politics and communication is an indissoluble one (Macbride 2007:44).
In the advanced industrial societies, the newspapers are actually an integral part of political life, serving for most people as their major or only link with government, and providing for them the information which they required to make political judgments and on which they base their political attitudes. (Golding 2004:45).
As the newspapers perform their different function in society, they do not work in isolation or in a vacuum, but operate in conjunction with other arms of the society. Society is a system and the mass media of which the newspapers are classified into are only one of the social institutions which make up this system. Since man is apolitical animal he has to associate both politically and socially to be able to attain his desired objectives. Emmanuel (2004:66) states that:
It is meaningless to discuss any social institution such as mass communication as though it operated in isolation, unconnected to other social process. The media are central in the provision of ideas and images which people use to interpret and understand a great deal of their every day experience. They therefore relate to other institutions both structurally and through organizational ties and interaction, and culturally, by conveying information and impression about the society.
The major institution which the newspapers relate to apart from family and kinship, educational, economic and cultural, political institutions could be included. This is because the press pays attention to political issues in which it interprets and conveys them.
- Statement of the Problem
Coverage can only be effective if the newspapers chosen to communicate do so with more clarity and presume (Olowu, 2007). The newspapers are means of transmission of information from a source to the receiver, with the potentials of newspapers; Nigerian journalists have been accused of poor reportage of political events in Akwa Ibom State. What then is responsible for this low spate of reportage?
It is against this background that this study seeks to provide genuine answers to this statement problem which lies of constraints faced by journalists mostly print experts on coverage of political news.
- Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study seek to:
- Find out to what extent Pioneer and This Day k newspapers are involved in the coverage of political news in Akwa Ibom State.
- Find out the method used by Pioneer and This Day k newspapers in gathering political news in AKS
- Find out the prominence of this political news covered by Pioneer and This Day