CONFLICTS AND CONFLICTS RESOLUTIONS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS ADMINISTRATION IN OWERRI EDUCATIONAL ZONE OF IMO STATE

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CONFLICTS AND CONFLICTS RESOLUTIONS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS ADMINISTRATION IN OWERRI EDUCATIONAL ZONE OF IMO STATE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                                        i

Approval page                                                                                     ii

Dedication                                                                                                      iii

Acknowledgment                                                                               iv

Abstract                                                                                                          vi

Table of content                                                                                              vii

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

Background of the Study                                                                   1

Statement of the Problem                                                                   5

Purpose of the Study                                                                          6

Significance of the Study                                                                   6

Research Questions                                                                             8
Delimitation of Study                                                                         8

CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review                                     10

Concept of conflict and theoretical frame work                                 11

Areas of conflict between the principals and teachers                     16

Sources/causes of conflict in secondary school Administration        26

Conflict resolution strategies in secondary school Administration     32

Strategies/techniques to conflict management                                                     35

Summary                                                                                                                          38

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology                                                     40

Area of Study                                                                                                      41

Design of the Study                                                                                            41

Population of study                                                                                            41

Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                                      43

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                           45

Validity of instrument                                                                                        45

Administration of the instrument                                                                       46

Methods of data analysis                                                                                   46

CHAPTER FOUR: Data analysis and results                                                    47

CHAPTER FIVE: Interpretation and discussion of findings

Discussion of Findings                                                                                               63

Educational implication of the Study                                                 68

Limitation of Study                                                                                        69

Suggestion for Further Studies                                                                       70

Recommendations of the Study                                                                     71

Summary and Conclusion                                                                               72

References                                                                                                                 73

Appendix                                                                                                                    76

Questionnaire                                                                                                  77

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Conflict have become almost normal and regular between principals of secondary schools in Imo State and the teachers under them. This has no doubt retarded the success of the administration of the institution in particular and the state educational system at large.

Mullins (1999; 816) sees conflict as a reality of management and organizational behaviour; he sees conflict as a term synonymous to competition since both involve at least some degree of opposing behaviour, this shows that he sees conflict as a term which occurs when there are opposing behaviours or when there are incompatibility of views and goals.

Conflict has been defined in the following ways by the Oxford Advance Learners Dictionary, sixth edition (2000; 239).

A Situation in which people, group or countries are involved in a serious disagreement or argument;

A violet situation or a period of fighting between countries or groups; b

A situation in which there are apposing ideas, opinions, feelings, or wishes;

A situation in which it is difficult to choose

Having defined conflict which is the key word of the topic, the above can now be read or interpreted to mean-opposing behaviours, ideas, opinions or feelings in secondary school Administration and their resolution among principals in Owerri Educational Zone of Imo State.

The position of secondary school principal is a highly sensitive one as it is the office of the Head of the school Administration.

Efficient administration among other things determines the success of any system of Education.

In the bid to attain the highest possible level of success in their administration, each principal tries to explore any possible means, at times they over step their bounds by rigidly supervising the teachers under them and rigid supervision tends to style the initiative of the teachers. It is in this time that the teacher wants less supervision so as to be effective. Thus conflict comes in as rigid supervision desire a free hand. Another way through which conflict ensures is when some lazy and undedicated teachers are disciplined by the principal in-charge, even the bible acknowledges that no discipline is fun to receive.

This should remind us to MC Gregor’s management theory of X and Y.

Conflict is an evil wind that blows no one any good, it retards progress at it builds animosity thus a school head should focus on the most possible reduction of conflict in all his managerial functions which includes planning, organizing, controlling, staffing, directing and budgeting (According to Agunanne 2004).

Thus principals should employ conflict prevention and resolution techniques that are both effective and dynamic as to reflect the charges in the school environment.

A good administrator does not wait till the time conflict is blown open before he does something reasonable about it. On this note the principals have to receive administrative training and remaining to copy with ever changing world. To this end, the focus of this study will be;

  1. The sources/causes of conflicts in secondary school administration.
  2. Main areas of conflicts in secondary school administration.
  3. Types of conflicts in secondary school administration.
  4. Recommendation how best to resolve conflict.

 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The researchers have observed that conflict has been a hook on the neck of the principals and teachers of public secondary schools in Owerri Educational Zone. It has been seen as mostly normal and regular in our public secondary schools administration this days. Without a better resolution, it will affect the standard of Education in future.

Lack of invaluable source of information for the up building and smooth running of our Secondary Educational System are of concern to the researchers. In an attempt to find out factors responsible for these conflicts, the researchers would like to look at the main areas of conflict, causes/sources of conflict, recommendation, and how best to resolve conflict.

The principal thus needs to identify conflict at its easily stage, classify them as to whether they are destructive or constructive resolve the destructive ones speedily and make use of the constructive ones. Could conflicts in secondary schools be associated with, internal supervision of instruction, teacher attitude to work, principal’s decision making process and teachers welfare and interest.

 

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

 

The purpose of this study  shall be to:-

  1. Investigate whether there are conflicts in secondary school administration;
  2. Identify the areas of conflicts in secondary school administration;
  3. Ascertain the causes of conflicts in secondary school administration;
  4. Establish strategies for the resolution of conflict

 

 

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

It is expected that the research report of this study will provide the reader with a basis for an objective assessment of the main area of conflict in secondary

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CONFLICTS AND CONFLICTS RESOLUTIONS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS ADMINISTRATION IN OWERRI EDUCATIONAL ZONE OF IMO STATE

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