CULTURAL CONFLICTS IN AKWA IBOM STATE AMONG IBIBIO, ANANG AND ORON NATION

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CULTURAL CONFLICTS IN AKWA IBOM STATE AMONG IBIBIO, ANANG AND ORON NATION

ABSTRACT

This study will unravel the contribution of cultural conflict to the socio_economic development of Akwa Ibom People and also identify the impacts associated with conflicting cultural in Akwa Ibom State. The major instrument for data collection was the questionnaires and it contains question which require the respondent’s reaction. 100 questionnaires were distributed among the three ethnic groups of which 56% were used for data analysis. Hypothesis was formulated base on data collected; Chi-Square was used for data analysis to test whether there is relationship between conflicting culture in Akwa Ibom state and the three ethnic groups.  Language, marriage right, religious, belief, way of dress, Ekpo Nyoho masquerade were identified as the most conflicting element of culture exists in the state. The most conflicting Local Government identified were in Ibibio land Uruan, Ibesikpo Asutan and Ibiono. In Annang land Essien Udim, Ika and Etim Ekpo while In Oron nation were Mbo, Urue Offong Oruko. Finding, conclusion and possible recommendations were made.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Certification…………………………………………………………………i

Dedication…………………………………………………………………..ii

Acknowledgement………………………………………………………….iii

Abstract…………………………………………………………………..…iv

Table of contents…………………………………………………….………v

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction……………………………………………………………1
  •  Statement of  problem……………………….……………………….3
  • Research Question…………………………………………………….4
  • Objective of the study…………………………………………………5
  • Research Hypothesis………………………………………………….5
  • Significant of the study…………….…………………………………5
  • Scope and limitation of the study……………………………………..6
  • Study area……………………………………………………………..6
  • Definition of terms……………………………..……………..……..11

Map of Nigeria showing Akwa Ibom State………………………….12

CHAPTER TWO

  •  Literature Review…………….…………….………………………….13

2.1 Conflicting culture……….….…………………………………………13

2.1.1Ibibio nation and its culture……. …………………….……..….14

2.2.1 Annang nation and its culture …………………………………..20

2.3.1  Oron nation and its culture…… ………………………….…..…24

CHAPTER THREE

  • Research methodology………………………… ……………………29
  • Data set and sources……… …………………………………….……29
  • Sample Technique and size…………………………………………..29
  • Method of data analysis….…………………………………………..30

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Data Presentation, Analysis and discussion of findings… …………..31
  • Analysis of result using question8 and 9………..………………….31
  • Data presentation and analysis….. ………………………………….31
  • Decision……………………………………………………………..33
  • Discussion of finding………………………..………………………34

Map of Akwa Ibom showing Ibibio speakers ……………..36

Picture gallery……………………………………………………..…37

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Summary and conclusion…………………………………………….38
  • Recommendations……………………………………………………39

Reference……………………………………………………………40

Questionnaire………………………………………………………..43

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

As the world become a global village the impact of conflicting culture cannot be over emphasize. Since the beginning of humanity even in the bible among Egyptian, Israelites and Philippians they experienced cultural conflict. To live without conflict is not to exist. Conflict is an indispensable component of society, especially when it consider the heterogeneous nature of society, as comprising of persons of different background, with multiplicity of viewpoints and attitudes to issues of life. The culture of conflict is universal and noticeable in every society, in so far as there are conflicting interests and divergent ideas in relation to the same issues. Conflict therefore is inevitable wherever incompatible activities occur Deutsch, 1978).

Cultural conflict is a type of conflict that occurs when different cultural values and belief clash. It has been used to explain violence and crime. (Johnathan, 2013) noted that cultural conflict is the conflict caused by difference in cultural values and belief that people at odd with one another on a macro level. He further stated that cultural conflict between guest of different cultural and nationality as seen in a British 1970 sitcom. As noted by Alexander (2005) as conflict that occurs when people expectations of a certain behaviour coming from their cultural background are not met, as other have different cultural backgrounds and different expectations. It is difficult to resolve as parties to the conflict have different belief. Cultural conflicts become intensify when those differences become reflected in politics particularly on a macro level. An example of cultural conflict is the debate over abortion, ethnic cleansing is another extreme example of cultural conflict, wars can also be a result of a cultural conflict; for example the different views on slavery were one of the reasons for the American Civil War.

Culture is the characteristic and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, belief, social habits, music and arts. The center for advance research on language acquisition goes a step further to defined culture as shared patterns of behaviours and interactions, cognitive construct and understanding that are learned by socialization. It is a way of life, way of thinking, behaving or working that exist in a place or organization. The beliefs, customs, arts of particular society, group of people, place or time, a particular society that has its own beliefs, way of life.

CULTURAL CONFLICTS IN AKWA IBOM STATE AMONG IBIBIO, ANANG AND ORON NATION

CULTURAL CONFLICTS IN AKWA IBOM STATE AMONG IBIBIO, ANANG AND ORON NATION