DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A PRE-NATAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CASE STUDY OF PARK LANE HOSPITAL, ENUGU

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ABSTRACT

            Pre natal management system is used to track those information that exist or happening during pregnancy but before childbirth. Effective and appropriate antenatal care should be offered to all pregnant women. However, different countries offer different sets of routine ANC, which are hardly based on explicit effectiveness criteria, being mainly linked with long-term tradition or other inexplicit criteria. Some interventions still provided to women with normal pregnancies are not effective, and many of them have not been evaluated. These interventions should be eliminated from basic health care packages, and more research is needed on those interventions of unknown effectiveness. This project is written to help hospitals especially Park lane hospital Enugu in the areas they encounter problems in keeping their pre natal information for pregnant woman and the solution given to tackle those problem. This is implemented with visual basic programming language and Microsoft Access for effective pre natal information for pregnant woman information keeping.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                                                        i

Certification                                                                                                    ii

Dedication                                                                                                      iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                          iv

Abstract                                                                                                          v

Table of contents                                                                                            vii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                                         1

1.1       Background of the study                                                                    1         

1.2       State of the problem                                                               2

1.3       Purpose of the study                                                               3

1.4       Aims and objectives                                                                3

1.5       Scope of study                                                                                    5

1.6       Limitations of study                                                               5

1.7       Assumptions                                                                           6

1.8       Definition of terms                                                                             7

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW                                                                  8

CHAPTER THREE

  • Description and analysis of existing system                           15
    • Fact finding method used                                                                   17
    • Hospital structure                                                                    19
    • Objectives of Existing system                                                            21
    • Input, Process and Output Analysis                                       22
    • Information Flow Diagrams                                                   26
    • Problems of the Existing System                                            27
    • Justification of the New System                                                         28

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Design of the New System                                                     30
    • Input Specification and design                                                           30
    • Output specification and design                                                         32
    • File Design                                                                                          34
    • Procedure chart                                                                                   36
    • System flow chart                                                                               38
    • System requirements                                                               40       

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Implementation                                                                                   42
    • Program Design                                                                                  45
    • Program Flowchart                                                                 48
    • Pseudo code                                                                                        54
    • Source Program: Test Run                                                      59

CHAPTER SIX       

Documentation                                                                                               60

CHAPTER SEVEN

  • Recommendation                                                                                62
    • Conclusion                                                                                          64

Bibliography 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Pre natal management system is used by the hospital to create, process and record their pre natal information for pregnant woman information. This system is used to  calculate the pregnant woman punctuate to check up and treatment. It is an effective tool in the hand of the hospital management.

The aim of Antenatal care (ANC) is to assist women to remain healthy, finding and correcting adverse conditions when present, and thus aid the health of the unborn  ANC should also provide support and guidance to the woman and her partner or family, to help them in their transition to parenthood.

This implies that both health care and health education are required from health services. This broad definition of ANC is endorsed by national labour laws (4) and by evidence-based clinical guideline. Moreover, it introduces the needed holistic approach (biological care and concern with intellectual, emotional, social and cultural needs of women, babies and families) (2) during pregnancy. Care during pregnancy should enable a woman to make informed decisions, based on her needs, after discussing matters fully with the professionals involved. Any interventions offered in the antenatal period should be of proven effectiveness and be acceptable to the recipients. Both the individual components and the full package of ANC should conform to these criteria.

 The aim of computer based pre natal information is to promote early intervention by the hospital and, when necessary. The approach aims to ensure that rapid and appropriate action is taken to tackle absence problems as soon as they become apparent.

The nine months of prenatal development are usually divided into three stages. These are the germinal period, the embryonic period, and the fetal period.

During the germinal period, which lasts from conception until day 14, the fertilized egg, called a zygote, undergoes rapid cell division and growth. At the same time, its cells begin to differentiate and cluster to assume specialized roles. For example, some cells begin to form the support structures of the placenta, which will provide food and oxygen to the fetus, while others begin to form structures of the developing human. Another significant achievement of the germinal stage is implantation of the cell mass, now called the blastocyst, into the inner wall of the mother’s uterus, where it will remain for the duration of prenatal development. Implantation also triggers hormonal changes in the mother’s body that enables it to nurture the developing human

. The embryonic period lasts from day 14 through the eighth week. During this time, major structures and organ systems begin to form. During the fourth week, for example, the brain begins to develop, a primitive heart starts to beat, and the eyes, ears, and mouth begin to form. By eight weeks after conception, the embryo has most of its basic organ systems, facial features have formed, and even fingers and toes have appeared. See Embryology.

During the fetal period, from the ninth week until birth, major organs grow in size and complexity, the muscular and nervous systems develop, and the sex organs form. By the fourth or fifth month, mothers can begin to feel the fetus moving within them. The fetus startles in response to sudden, loud noises outside the womb, and its hiccupping can be detected. Brain development is dramatic. Nearly all nerve cells that the brain will use throughout life are formed, and brain regions become specialized in function. As birth approaches, the fetus grows significantly in size and adds protective fat stores in preparation for life outside the womb. See Fetus.

  1. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

This has to do with the title of the project, which is the design, and implementation of a Pre natal management system for a park lane hospital.

Due to the problem encountered with the pregnant woman attitude to their check up and treatment, the need arise to develop a software that will assist to solve the problem. The problem caused by the use of manual method of keeping pre natal information for pregnant woman can only be solved by computerizing the hospital pre-natal information for pregnant woman.

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A PRE-NATAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CASE STUDY OF PARK LANE HOSPITAL, ENUGU