DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTERIZED FAMILY PLANNING INFORMATION SYSTEM CASE STUDY OF UNICEF

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ABSTRACT

Computerized family planning information system is the process of examining data to draw conclusions or insights, and determine cause-and-effect patterns between events; for example determining the safety and efficacy of new drugs by drawing out a probability as to whether the fact that a patient got better (or worse) was due to the drug or some. Computerized family planning information system and the methods of preparing a good one has been a problem to most health organization both private and government, the implementation of a faulty Computerized family planning information system has brought man companies to a close door point were all operations are stopped.  Therefore Computerized family planning information system design needs to be accurate and able to give account for every dime spent and on what this money was spent and also give an accurate account and allocation of money to the various departments of the body in study. 

This project work I will concentrate on the causes of family planning.  It is important that there should be a reliable system of computerized family planning information system for every health organization and this method is to be computerized for easy flow of work and generation of accurate reports. This program deigned using Visual basic 6.0 and involve database programming for effective record keeping.,

ORGANISATION OF THE WORK

The research study is divided into chapters the chapters present the main topic of discussion in the project.

CHAPTER ONE: This is the introductory part of the project showing why I have undertaken the project, the statement of the problem, the purpose of the study, aims and objective delimitations, limitation are stated. Also the terms relevant to the research write up are defined.

CHAPTER TWO: The review of related literature here, various works done by previous researches that relates to the project topic are discussed the historical Evolution of the Computerized family planning information system.  Some process taking towards computerization, process and the hindrances to the application of computers are discussed.

CHAPTER THREE: Description and analysis of the existing system, was described here, the methods used in acts finding is discussed, organization structure is represented pictorially objectives, analysis, the informational flow diagram and the problem pictorially, objectives analysis, the informational flow diagram and the problem of the existing system are explicitly discussed in conjunction with new system justification.

CHAPTER FOUR: Design of the system the output specification and input specification and designs are expressed here. File design, procedure and system flow charts are represented with a pictorial diagram the required hardware and soft ware for the new system.

CHAPTER FIVE: Implementation, the implementation of the new system is very vital and was implemented on the bases of a designed program pseudo cods source and test run.

CHAPTER SIX: Documentation in order to use this package effectively and efficiently this work is divided into various steps on how to get started.  Procedures and quitting exiting from the software system.

CHAPTER SEVEN: Recommendation and conclusion this chapter concerns the summary of the study, the conclusion drawn from the recommendation to relief the users of source of their problems and suggestions for further studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                                 i        

Certification                                                                              ii

Dedication                                                                                iii

Abstract                                                                                   v

Organization of work                                                                 v

Table of content                                                                        vii

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                              1

1.1     Statement of problem                                                      2

1.2     Purpose of study                                                             3

1.3     Aims and objectives                                                        5

1.4     Delimitations                                                                   6

1.5     Limitations                                                                      6

1.6     Definition of terms                                                           7       

CHAPTER TWO

Literature review                                                                       8

 

CHAPTER THREE

Description and analysis of the existing system                         10

  • Analysis of the existing system.                                      11

3.2     Fact-finding method used.                                               12

3.3     Objectives of the existing system                                    14

3.5     Problems of the existing system                                      16

3.6     Justification of the new system                                        17

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Design of the new system                                                         19

Output specification and design                                       19

Input specification and design file design                                   21

Procedure chart                                                                        25

Systems flowchart                                                                    26

System requirements                                                                27

CHAPTER FIVE

Implementation                                                                         28

5.1     Program design                                                              29     

5.2     Pseudo code                                                                   35

CHAPTER SIX

Documentation                                                                          38

6.1     The user documentation                                                  38

6.2     The programmer documentation                                      39

CHAPTER SEVEN

Recommendation and Conclusion                                              40

7.1     Recommendation                                                            40

7.2     Conclusion                                                                      40

References                                                                     42

          Source Codes                                                                 43

CHAPTER ONE

   1.0              IN TRODUCTION

The inadequacy of data gathering facilities on family planning in our country became painfully apparent in the early months of 1973 as the government prepared for a new 5-year family planning program. Contributing heavily to the problem was the fact that 3 different statistical systems were in use: the manual system used by the Ministry of Public Health; the system introduced by the Pan American Health Organization; A fourth agency, the Center for Social and Population Studies, also collects data. Each uses different forms and collects different kinds of information. The systems are described and experts from interviews with system leaders provide an insiders’ view of their workings. A summary of an analysis of the various systems is presented, centering on needs, forms, data, data processing, analysis, resources, and costs. The development of a comprehensive information system is recommended to produce data needed to handle program activities including clinical services, the distribution of contraceptives, training, communications, and so forth. Within each activity, the administrator should have data on personnel, supplies, equipment, and activities.

Computerized family planning information system is implemented by UNICEF to help in the processing of data and information as pertain to family planning.

Your organization database contains a wealth of information, yet the decision technology group members tap a fraction of it. Employees waste time scouring multiple sources for a database. The decision-makers are frustrated because they cannot get business-critical data exactly when they need it. Therefore, too many decisions are based on guesswork, not facts. Many opportunities are also missed, if they are even noticed at all.

Knowledge is what we know well. Information is the communication of knowledge. In every knowledge exchange, there is a sender and a receiver. The sender make common what is private, does the informing, the communicating. Information can be classified as explicit and tacit forms. The explicit information can be explained in structured form, while tacit information is inconsistent and fuzzy to explain. Know that data are only crude information and not knowledge by themselves.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) organization founded by the United Nations in 1946 to provide food, clothing, and rehabilitative programs to European children brutalized by World War II (1939-1945). In 1950 the United Nations made UNICEF responsible for improving the welfare of all children worldwide. The organization’s mission is threefold: (1) to ensure that basic nutrition, health, and education needs of children are met, (2) to give children the opportunity to expand their potential, and (3) to create an international ethical standard of behavior toward children.

Since 1950 UNICEF has focused primarily on promoting “sustainable development” in more than 150 developing nations. By providing community-based services to teach community leaders to build wells and sewage-disposal systems, UNICEF has helped provide millions of children with clean drinking water and sanitary living conditions. By training educators to develop effective school programs, the agency has enabled children around the world to benefit from a primary school education. In recognition of its efforts, UNICEF received the 1965 Nobel Peace Prize.

UNICEF also provides a relief network for children and their parents or other caregivers in the aftermath of disasters, such as floods, earthquakes, and droughts. It has worked extensively with children from war-torn countries to help alleviate their suffering. The organization works to prevent child abuse, child labor, sexual exploitation of children, and the use of children as soldiers. In the United States, UNICEF has focused its work on inner-city children victimized by random violence and gang warfare.

  1. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It is easy to note that computerized family planning information system entails large volume of work and a whole lot of calculation.  This makes the job very difficult a task to go by. The method of information storage and retrieval processing of accumulated figures is not an easy task in places were there are no sophisticated method of Computerized family planning information system.

Inefficient and insufficient records will always result to a poor and inaccurate computerized family planning information system.  The fact that humans cant tackle the ambiguous calculations and complex allocation involved in Computerized family planning information system easily without the help from computer this is also a delay factor for the releasing of an accurate Computerized family planning information system statement.  This project will implement Computerized family planning information system.

  1. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
  1. To effectively store analyzed family planning data/information.
    1. To easily retrieve family planning data/information when needed.
    1. To create dependable family planning referencing record.
    1. Eliminating data redundancy.
    1. To ensure accuracy in data analysis
    1. To predict for likely future occurrences
    1. To help in effective government planning
    1. To motivate the staffs to work more

1.3     PURPOSE OF STUDY

Computerized family planning information system is very important with our everyday life as it is also very important for us as humans to have a daily Computerized family planning information system which guides our spending so also it is important at the end of the day to give an account of such spending which is in order ward an analysis of our expenditure.  This is an important move for every organization.  For an organization to survive it must plan ahead the amount it will receive and how it will allocate the money to different departments of such an organization and how such money should be spent.  This is Statistical Anglicizing and the analysis is just a step to make sure it works.  Hence this computerized family planning information system should be of immense importance to government, institutions and even individuals.

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1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The growth in information technology, the study offers numerous values both to the individual organization and to government organization that deals on data/information.

Huge of files kept in the offices will no longer be there again because information will be stored on the computer with the help of the computerized family planning information system.

Because of the easy to use nature of the computerized family planning information system, any health organization can easily buy it to make use of them.

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTERIZED FAMILY PLANNING INFORMATION SYSTEM CASE STUDY OF UNICEF