DRUG AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AS SIGNIFICANT PREDICTORS OF VULNERABILITY TO SEXUAL VICTIMIZATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC EDE, OSUN STATE

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DRUG AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AS SIGNIFICANT PREDICTORS OF VULNERABILITY TO SEXUAL VICTIMIZATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC EDE, OSUN STATE

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. i

Certification……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ii

Dedication………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… iii

Acknowledgment………………………………………………………………………………………………………. iv

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… v

List of Figure…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… xi

List of Tables……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. xii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                                            PAGE NUMBER

  1. Background to the study………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
    1. Statement of the Problem……………………………………………………………………………………….. 4
    1. Research Questions………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5
  1. Objective of the study…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6
    1. Justification of the Study………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
    1. Scope of the study.…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
    1. Limitations of the Study………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7
    1. Operational Definition Of Concepts…………………………………………………………………………. 7
    1. Plan of Study………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAME WORK

  • Theoretical Framework………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
    • Health belief model……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9
    • Disease Theory of Alcohol…………………………………………………………………………………… 14
    • Social learning theory of addiction………………………………………………………………………… 15
    • Review of Empirical Literatures…………………………………………………………………………….. 18
      • Age and Sexual victimization………………………………………………………………………………… 21
      • Other factors and sexual victimization…………………………………………………………………… 24
  • Appraisal of Literature…………………………………………………………………………………………. 25
    • Conceptual Framework……………………………………………………………………………………….. 26
    • Research Hypothesis…………………………………………………………………………………………. 28

CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER FOUR

RESULTS, DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1.3     Analysis of Research Objective…………………………………………………………………………… 37

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 48

APPENDIX……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 54

Appendix I Research Instrument……………………………………………………………………………………. 54

Appendix II Certificate for Bioethics and research……………………………………………………………. 60

Appendix III Informed consent Letter from Federal Polytechnic Ede………………………………….. 61

LIST OF FIGURE

Fig. 1 Schematic Representation of Conceptual Framework…………………………………………….. 27

LIST OF TABLE

Table 1            Socio Demographic Data: Demographic Characteristic of respondents…………… 36

Table 2            Descriptive analysis of major variable in the study………………………………………. 36

Table 3            Prevalence and forms of sexual victimization on female students…………………. 37

Table 4           Perpetrators of Sexual victimization……………………………………………………………. 38

Table 5           Multiple Linear regression analysis of sexual victimization by drug and alcohol.39 Table 6………………………………………………………………………………………………………….                        Multiple linear regression coefficient                       39

Table 7             Linear regression analysis of sexual victimization by age……………………………. 41

Table 8             Linear regression coefficient……………………………………………………………………. 41

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

  1. Background to the Study

Drug and alcohol use is one of society‟s most challenging problems and has remained a major area of research concentration among psychology researchers (Freeman, 2011). The issue of sexual victimization is also taking precedence in areas of social and clinical research across various disciplines. The study of drug use places emphasis on negative effect of the drug use and addiction in the human‟s body system. A plethora of studies (Akindutire & Adegboyega, 2012; Pillon, O‟Brien & Piedra, 2005)have studied the prevalence of alcohol among diverse occupations and works of life. Effects of drugs and alcohol usage on a wide range of variables have also been taken into consideration. This study will examine the frequency of drug consumption, drug use quantities, alcohol usage as significant predictors of vulnerability to sexual victimization among female students of federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

Levinthal, (1999) defines a drug as a chemical substance taken that changes the functioning of biological system such as excretory system, reproductive system and respiratory system. In addition, according to Oloyede (2002), a drug is any chemical substance, whether natural or man-made, which can be used to alter perception, mood or other psychological states. Drugs are derived from plants or produced by man using various chemical substances mixed together for consumption. It can be used for different purposes; drug can be therapeutically as medicine and can be administered in different ways. A drug may be injected, smoked, sniffed, inhaled and swallowed but it must be prescribed by a qualified doctor or pharmacist before use, when it is not prescribed or when a drug user uses below or beyond the prescribed dose is called drug misuse.

DRUG AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AS SIGNIFICANT PREDICTORS OF VULNERABILITY TO SEXUAL VICTIMIZATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC EDE, OSUN STATE