THE EFFECT OF MANPOWER PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT ON ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A STUDY OF AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY LIMITED, UYO)
1.1 Background of the Study
Manpower planning and development is the first and the most important function of management. The essence of manpower planning and development involves a critical analysis of the supply, demand, surplus, shortage and utilization of human resource. It is important to note that manpower planning is often taken as the most important resources of an organization because through it, other resources (material and financial) are harnessed to meet the need of man.
Rigoruous (2013) defined manpower planning as link of people and management to the organization’s mission, vision, goals and objectives, as well as its strategic plan and budgetary resources. A key goal of manpower is to get the right number of people with the right skills, experience and competencies in the right jobs at the right time at the right cost. The economic development of a country depends on the quality and quantity of its resources. The state of technology and efficient deployment of resources in both production and consumption process.
Most organization today is facing problems because they did not plan for their workforce neither do they have any systematic human resources management programs that consider organizational goals. Investopedia defines manpower planning and development as the process by which management ensure that it has the right personnel, who are capable of completing those tasks that help the organization reach its objectives.
Planning is the first and most important function of management. The essence is to prepare for and predict future events. Planning goes beyond attempting to attain stated organizational objectives. It involves the development of strategy and procedures required for effective realization of the entire plan. One of the major problems confronting management in any organization is the most effective way of matching people with jobs. The process by which management attempts to provide for the human resources or manpower to accomplish its task is called “manpower planning”
Manpower planning and development helps measurement to determine:
- Number of employees
- The level of experience each must posses
- Their salary scale
- The best way to utilize them in an activity which practice increase skills.
Manpower planning and development is also a process of intellectual and emotional achievement through providing the means by which people can grow on their jobs.