AN EXAMINATION OF CORRUPTION UNDER THE NIGERIA CRIMINAL LAW

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AN EXAMINATION OF CORRUPTION UNDER THE NIGERIA CRIMINAL LAW

ABSTRACT

This research work examines corruption, its legal effect, its meanings and peculiar manifestation in the Nigeria society. Abortive efforts made in the past to curtail the problem, and present experiments to eradicate the scourges from our polity are also examined. The term, “corruption” implies an undue advantage, abuse of office, undeserved favour obtained through manipulation of rule or status, any untoward conduct, occasioned by graft or promise of same. In other words, whenever and wherever a party performs a service or obligation in exchange for some gratification or refuses to perform his duty as a result of conferment of some benefits or promise of same, he is said to be corrupt.
This dissertation is broken into five chapters. Chapter one deals with general introduction, chapter two deals with concept of corruption, chapter three deals with corruption and criminal law in Nigeria, chapter four deals with curbing corruption in Nigeria, chapter five deals with conclusion and recommendations.
Finally, in the concluding part, suggestions are made, as to how Nigeria youths, educational institution of learning, the judiciary, legislative Assembly and religious Institutions can be active agents in the effort to return sanity to our society, enthroning the virtues, of honesty, transparency and accountability in their dealings.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
COVER PAGE……………………………………………… i
CERTIFICATION ………………………………………… ii
ABSTRACT ………………………………………………… iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS …………………………………. iv-vi
DEDICATION ……………………………………………. vii
ACKNOWLEDGMENT …………………………………. viii
TABLE OF CASES ………………………………………. ix
TABLE OF STATUTES …………………………………. x
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS …………………………… xi
CHAPTER 1: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.0.0: INTRODUCTION …………………………………… 1-2
1.1.0: BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY ………………… 2
1.2.0: OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY ……………………. 2-3
1.3.0: FOCUS OF THE STUDY ……..……………………… 3
1.4.0: SCOPE OF STUDY ………………………………….. 3
1.5.0: METHODOLOGY ………………………………….. 4
1.6.0: LITERATURE REVIEW …………………………… 4-5
1.7.0: CONCLUSION ……………………………………. 5
CHAPTER 2: CONCEPT OF CORRUPTION
2.0.0: INTRODUCTION ……………………………………….. 6
2.1.0: MEANING OF CORRUPTION ……………………………. 6-9
2.2.0: HISTORY OF CORRUPTION …………………………….. 10
2.2.1: PRE-COLONIAL AND COLONIAL PERIOD …… 10-13
2.2.2: THE FIRST REPUBLIC: 1960-1966 …………. 14-15
2.2.3: THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1966-1975 …………. 15-16
2.2.4: THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1975-1979 …………. 16-17
2.2.5: THE SECOND REPUBLIC: 1979-1983 ………….. 17-18
2.2.6: THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1983-1985 …………. 18
2.2.7: THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1985-1993 …………. 19
2.2.8: THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1993 TO DATE ….. 20-21
2.3.0 CONCLUSION ………………………. 21-22
CHAPTER 3: CORRUPTION UNDER THE NIGERIAN CRIMINAL
LAW
3.0.0: INTRODUCTION …………………………. 23
3.1.0:CORRUPTION UNDER THE NIGERIA CRIMINAL
CODE AND PENAL CODE ………………. 23-32
3.2.0: THE VARIOUS STAUTES ON CORRUPTION
i.e. I.C.P.C, E.F.C.C …………………………… 33-37
3.2.1: CODE OF CONDUCT ………………………………… 37-38
3.2.2: PUBLIC COMPLAINT COMMISSION ……………. 38-39
3.3.0: CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK TO
TACKLE CORRUPTION ……………………. 39-40
3.4.0: THE EFFECT OF CORRUPTION IN THE
SOCIETY (NIGERIA) ………………………….….. 40-42
3.5.0: CONCLUSION ……………………………… 42
CHAPTER 4: CURBING CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA
4.0.0: INTRODUCTION ……………………………. 43
4.1.0: THE EXECUTIVES EFFORT IN CURBING
CORRUPTION …………………………… 43-46
4.2.0: THE LEGISLATIVE EFFORT IN CURBING
CORRUPTION ……………………………. 46-48
4.3.0: THE JUDICIAL ATTITUDE TO CORRUPTION 48-49
4.4.0: CONCLUSION ……………………………… 49
CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.0.0: CONCLUSION ……………………………… 50-51
5.1.0: RECOMMENDATIONS …………………….. 51-52
BIBLIOGRAPHY ………………………. xii
ARTICLES ON THE INTERNET …………… xii
BOOKS ……………………………………. xii
NEWSPAPER REPORT …………………….. xiii
PAPER PRESENTED AT CONFERENCES,
WORKSHOPS AND SEMINARS xiii-xiv

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