FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST STUDENTS PARTICIPATION IN SIWES IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

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FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST STUDENTS PARTICIPATION IN SIWES IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (EDUCATION PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS)

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The students industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) is an industrial training fund (ITF programme. It is a skilled training scheme which is of great relevance to vocational and technical education students. The SIWES is designed to expose students to relevant industrial work situation, which they are likely to meet after their graduation. The scheme is also designed to expose students to work method and needed experience in handling equipment and machinery that are not usually available in educational training fund (ITF) Act of 1971, and later Decree No. 47 of 1971, which was later amended in 1990, gave rise to the beginning of the scheme. The scheme has expanded in scope and content over the years. Initially, only students of Technical College and Polytechnics were involved later students from the University and Advance Teacher College (ATC), College of Education (COE) and National Universities Commission (NUC) are made to participate.

At present, many students of various departments in the school of vocational and technical education (College of Education), benefit from the programme, these include students in Accounting Secretarial, Home Economics, Agricultural Science, etc. an ITF survey in 1974 showed a great disparity between students knowledge and their ability to apply it in relevant jobs. The result of this survey led to the establishment of SIWES programme with eleven institutions, involving seven hundred and eighty four students. During the first period of its operations in 1974-1978, the ITF solely funded the scheme but due to huge financial involvement when the participating institutions rose to 32 with 4,714 students in 1978, it found it difficult to continue. As a result of this development, the Federal Government was involved in the funding of the scheme for five years from 1979-1984 through the national Universities commission (NUC) who cater for University students and the National Board for Technical education (NBTE) who is responsible for the Polytechnics and Colleges of Technology (Galadimwa, 1977). NBTE also caters for Colleges of Education who offer courses in vocational and technical education areas.

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FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST STUDENTS PARTICIPATION IN SIWES IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (EDUCATION PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS)

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