FINANCIAL STATEMENT AS DETERMINANT OF PROFITABILITY IN BUSINESS ORGANISATION

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Finance is a field that deals with the allocation of assets and liabilities over time under conditions of certainty and uncertainty. In other way round of finance can also be defined as the science of money management.

A key point in finance is the time value of money, which states that purchasing power of one unit of currency can vary over time.

Financial Management as a determinants of profitability over the years that the determinant of profitability in business organization has been a problem faced by scholars. The use of financial statement as a determinant of profitability in companies is a very important aspect that cannot be overemphasized.

According to Emekekwue (2002), financial statement is an analyst of planning, organization and control of the resources available to an organization in other to meet the demands and materials resources.

Dave (2012) defines financial management as an integral part of overall management rather than as a staff speciality concerned with fund raising operations. He added that the central issue of financial policy is a rational matching of advantages of potential uses against the cost of alternative potential resources, so as to achieve the broad financial goals. Management of finance has evinced local interest both among the academicians and practicing managers primarily due to its immense potential to influence the profitability of an enterprise. This potential is engrossed in both the aspects of management of funds be it mobilization of funds or deployment of funds.

Pandeg (2002) argue that financial statement is that managerial activity which is concerned with the planning and controlling of the firm’s financial resources. The subject of financial statement is of immerse interest to both academicians and practicing manager. It is of great interest to academicians because the subject is still developing, and these are still certain areas where controversies exist for which no unanimous solutions have been researched at yet.

At micro economic level, performance is the direct result of managing various economic resources and of their efficient use within operational, investment and financing activities.

To optimize economics results, a special attention should be given to the proper grounding of managerial decisions. These should be based on complex information regarding the evolution of all types of activities with the company’s financial statements which therefore is found in the annual financial statements which therefore become the main informative source that allow the qualitative analysis of how resources are used during the process of creating value.

In order words, companies run on a long terms performance ways, it is needed to develop, implementation and maintaining the strategies, measures and coherent policies from economic and financial point of view, resulted from a good knowing of internal and external specific condition in which the firms acts.

The qualities of managerial options depends by the ability of identifying those elements that productivity used could lead to increasing of the results and performances.

The research objective of this paper is to investigate how to reach these goals, we believed that the most appropriate indicators that express the aspect related to economic development and performance growth of companies should be chosen among the relative indicators.

The emphericalstudy of the correlations between different impact factors and profitability has been conducted by using the information taken  from the annual financial reports of a company.

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Financial statement analysis can be a very useful tool for understanding a firm’s performance and conditions. However, there are certain problems and issues encountered in such analysis which call for care, circumspection and judgment.

Problems in financial statement Analysis include:

(i)                 Lack of an underlying  theory.

(ii)               Conglomerate firms

(iii)             Window dressing

(iv)             Variations in Accounting Policies.

(v)               Interpretation of Results.

(vi)             Correlation among ratios.

FINANCIAL STATEMENT AS DETERMINANT OF PROFITABILITY IN BUSINESS ORGANISATION