FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERN AND MICRO NUTRIENT INTAKE OF MOTHERS IN IMO STATE

0
166

FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERN AND MICRO NUTRIENT INTAKE OF MOTHERS IN IMO STATE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Certification                                                                                           i

Dedication                                                                                              ii

Abstract                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                 iv

Table of contents                                                                                    v-vi

CHAPTER ONE

1.0      Introduction                                                                                        1

1.1       Objectives                                                                                          3

1.2        Justification                                                                                      3

1.3      Research Question                                                                             3

1.4      Problem Statement                                                                             4

1.5      Limitations of Study                                                                         5

CHAPTER TWO

2.0       Literature Review                                                                              6

2.1       Problem of Malnutrition in developing Countries                         7

2.2       Status of Women in Nigeria                                                             8

2.3      Women’s health and nutritional Status                                          11

2.4       The role of culture on food habits                                                 13

2.5      Nutrition education and the state of nutrition                              13

2.6       Bio availability of Nutrients                                                          14

2.7       Digestion of Nutrients                                                                    14

2.8      Absorption of Nutrients                                                                  15

2.9       Metabolism and storage of Nutrients                                            15

2.10         Recommended Nutrient Intake                                                  16

2.11    Nutritive needs of Adults                                                               18

2.12    Influence in the Adult’s Diet                                                          18

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research Methodology                                                                          20

3.1. Study Design                                                                                 20

3.2.  Study Area                                                                                     20

Data Analysis 20
Anthropometric Measurement 21
24 hrs Diet recall 21
CHAPTER FOUR

Result and Discussion                                                                                  22

Table 4.1 Socio-demographic Data                                                            23-25

Table 4.2 BMI classification                                                                       26

Table 4.3 Body composition                                                                       27

Table 4.4 Frequency of meals taken per day                                             28

Table 4.5 Food habits of the respondent                                                    29

Table 4.6 Self rating of nutrition knowledge                                             30

Table 4.7 Self rating of food intake over the years                                   31

Table 4.8 Food consumption pattern                                                         32

Table 4.9 Dietary intake                                                                              33

Table 4.10 Intake of supplement (Iron, Antimalaria)                               34

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Conclusion                                                                                        36

5.1      Recommendation                                                                              36-37

References                                                                                                     38-39

CHAPTER ONE

1.0INTRODUCTION

Nutrition is the science of food, nutrients and other substances, their action, interaction and balance in relation to health and disease and the processes by which the organism ingests, digests, absorbs transports, utilizes and excretes food substances.

The development of nutrition made food to be recognized as the fundamental source of nutrients. Food and nutrition are basic human rights because they are necessary for human development.

Malnutrition is the major contribution to illness and diseases in the world. This includes risk factors related to under nutrition, excess consumption of certain diet components (carbohydrates, fat, etc) and low consumption of other food items like fruits and vegetables. Rural dwellers food consumption pattern depends on many factors intervention into the life patterns of the community to which they belong. These factors affect food availability and how each food could be processed and stored.

Food consumption patterns can be defined as the recognizable ways of eating foods rural dwellers tend to adhere to their old eating patterns rather than venturing to seek new and more proper eating habits. In order to maintain healthful diets, a variety and balance of foods from all food groups and moderate consumption of all food items is very important.

Variety in diet implies choosing a number of different foods within any food group, rather than eating the “same old thing” day after day. Food consumption patterns has been observed to be influenced by socio-economic factors including sex, income, occupation, type of house and source of cooking energy, food consumption patterns of the mother prior to conception during pregnancy and lactation affects the reproductive cycle and health of the newborn infant. A mother with poor food consumption patterns has the risk of delivering a baby that is physically and mentally handicapped. Wright and Sims (1987) assert that many complex interacting systems affect man’s food consumption pattern and his consequent state of health. They further explained that natural environment (climate, topography soil conditions etc) determines what food can be produced. The man made environment (technological developments for processing, storing and distribution of food) affects what food will be made available for consumption.

Proper and adequate food consumption patterns is the instrument for achieving other rural developmental goals, most especially those connected to reduction in child mortality and improvements in material health. Primary educational enrolment and achievement, gender equity and the capacity of resist disease, in order to be healthy and active women need to have food in adequate quantity, quality and variety in order to meet energy and nutrient. Consumption patterns of the mother prior to conception and during pregnancy and lactation affects the reproductive cycle and health of the newborn infant. A mother with poor food consumption patterns have the risk of delivery a baby that is physically and mentally handicapped.

Adequate food plays an important role in rural development activities. It ensures their capacity to embark on livelihood activities that is sustainable.

1.1 OBJECTIVES Broad Objective

To assess the food consumption pattern and micro nutrient intake of mothers in Imo State Local Government Area Lagos.
Specific Objectives

To assess the nutritional status of mothers in Imo State L.G.A
To investigate, measure and assess the food pattern of mother in Imo State L.G.A.
To assess the micronutrient intake of mothers in Ojo L.G.A. 3 JUSTIFICATION
Malnutrition remains an existing problem among Nigerians especially women and children. Malnutrition could be due to lack of food or socio-cultural factors of people. This study will throw light on the following

It will add to our knowledge on the relationship between nutrition of people and the socio-economic characteristics of the people
The actual or real causes of malnutrition in Nigeria.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

What is pattern of women activity
What is the current food consumption pattern of mothers in Imo State L.G.A
What is the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of women in Imo State LGA.
To determine the relationship between their food consumption patterns and their environmental health condition.

1.4 PROBLEM STATEMENT

Malnutrition is a poor condition of health, caused by a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food. Many Nigerians are plagued with malnutrition. Malnourished Nigerians was as high as 24% in the rural area and 26% in the urban area.

It is important to know the reasons for the existing poor nutritional state of population could it be due to

Lack of nutritional awareness of the people
Un-availability of nutritional foods
Thus this study will examine the food consumption patterns and micro nutrient intake of mothers in Imo State LGA Lagos.
1.5 Limitations of study

Some of the questions asked in the questionnaires were felt to be personal like how much their annual income is
Some of the women could not spare time to fill the questionnaires
Some were illiterates and so could not understand the questionnaires.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERN AND MICRO NUTRIENT INTAKE OF MOTHERS IN IMO STATE

Leave a Reply