ANALYSIS OF HEALTH CARE FACILITIES AND HUMAN RESOURCES IN KAURA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

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ANALYSIS OF HEALTH CARE FACILITIES AND HUMAN RESOURCES IN KAURA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (Jiva, 2013). Many people do not realize the importance of good health, and even if they do, they may still disregard it. Sound health is a fundamental requirement for living a socially and economically productive life. Poor health inflicts great hardships on households, including debilitation, substantial monetary expenditures, loss of labor and sometimes death (Titus, Adebisola and Adeniji, 2015). The necessity of good health is not limited to a particular set of people, bringing good health care systems and information closer to the people is important.

A health system is referred to as the organization of people, institutions and resources to deliver health care services that will meet the health needs of a target population. It is also the prevention, treatment of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well-being through the services offered by the medical and allied health professional. In another, perspective health care is also considered as the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings. Health care is delivered by practitioners in allied health, dentistry, midwifery-obstetrics, medicine, nursing, optometry, pharmacy, psychology and other care providers. It refers to the work done in providing primary, secondary, and tertiary care, as well as in public health (Medical Dictionary, 2007; PATH 2, 2014; WHO, 2010).

Busu (2009) explained that health care systems are designed to meet the health care need of target population, stressing that there is a wide variety of health care systems around the world. In some countries, the health care system has evolved and has not been planned, whereas in others a concerted effort has been made by governments, trade unions, charities, religious or other coordinated bodies to deliver planned health care services targeted to the population they serve.

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ANALYSIS OF HEALTH CARE FACILITIES AND HUMAN RESOURCES IN KAURA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA