THE ACTIVITY OF HISBAH IN CRIME CONTROL IN GORONYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0     General Introduction

In the name of Almighty Allah the most gracious, the most merciful, all praise be to Allah, peace and blessing of Almighty Allah be upon his noble prophet Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Mutalib (SAW), and members of his family and companion as well as those who follow his foot path.

It is believed that, Hisbah is a commission which originated from the time of our noble prophet Muhammad (SAW) for the purpose of fighting criminal acts in the society, in trying to understand this we have to know the meaning of Islam and Shariah.

Islam is an Arabic word which denotes submission, surrender and obedience. As a religion Islam stand as complete submission and obedience to Allah (SAW), that is why it is called Islam. The other literal meaning of the word “Islam” is “Peace”. This signifies that one can achieve real peace  of  body  and  mind  only  through  submission  and obedience to Allah, such as life obedience brings peace of the mind and establishes real peace in the society at large.1 Shariah is an Arabic word literally means the path to be followed, or way to a watering place.2  But technically it

is a path not only leading to Allah the most higher, but the path believed by all Muslims to be the path shown by Almighty Allah the creator of the whole universe through his messenger, prophet Muhammad (SAW). In Islam Allah is the only Sovereign, who has the right to ordain a path for the guidance to mankind and Jins.

Thus it is the only Shari’ah that liberates man from servitude to other than Allah. Thus is the reason why Muslim are obligated to strive to follow that path not other path.3

Allah says in the Glorious Qur’an

“We made for you a law, so follow it and not the tancies of those who have no knowledge”4

It’s also revealed in the Qur’an that the enjoining of what is good and forbidden what is wrong is a religious duty. Again in another verse in Qur’an Almighty Allah says:

He ordains for them what is right and forbids them what is wrong make whole some lawful to them and makes bad things unlawful”5

From the above verses we come to know that Islam concern with anything good and fight against anything bad e.g. evil deeds. And its obligatory on each and every Muslim to do it, i.e. to enjoy what is right, by calling people to follow strictly the Islamic teaching and avoid what is wrong by preventing people from disobeying Almighty Allah (SAW) and his messenger, this is what Hisbah is all about….

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