HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY AS AN AGENT OF TOURIST ATTRACTION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Certification

Acknowledgement

Dedication

CHAPTER ONE

  1. Introductions
    1. Needs for study
    1. Aims and objectives of the study
    1. Scope of limitations

CHAPTER TWO

2.1   Literature review

2.2   Hotel classification

2.3   Hotel for travelers

2.4   Convention facilities

2.5   Resort

2.6   Residential hotels

2.7   History of the hospitality industry

2.8   History of tourism in Nigeria

2.9   Tourist

CHAPTER THREE

3.1   The contribution of the hospitality industry to economic development

3.2   Problems facing the hospitality industry

3.3   Ways to improve the hospitality and tourism growth

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1   Summary

4.2   Conclusion

4.3   Recommendation

References

CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

The hospitality industry is being studied in this project as “hospitality industry as an agent of tourist attraction and economic development”.

The hospitality industry is a commercial establishment that provides accommodation and other facilities like food, drinks to the public. The hospitality industry is an institution that has developed out of necessity and such has become one of the fastest growing industries in the world.

Hospitality is being studies also because of the contribution to tourism and economic development has problems and challenges facing it.

In Nigeria, most especially the hospitality industry still has a long way to go both in tourisms and economic development. The government and the general public still have a lot to contribute because here we are talking about hospitality which entails accommodating to foreign guests and readiness to help tourists with our local knowledge.

The hospitality industry also brings a lot of opportunities to the younger generation. All these and a lot more are being studies under this project.

The hospitality industry also contributes to the sustainable of tourism tempting is to start talking about futuristic hospitality industry being built on the moon or under the sea, the fact is that, in 1o or even 20 years time hospitality industry will be pretty much the same as they are now. Even the most cursory look back over the past two decades will lack up this contention.

The government talks more about tourism today, but the reality is in the papers and documents indicated under cabinet in offices.

Modernization and expansion of cities are also affecting tourism and push pressure on cities and pasts, leading to immigration of wide like, and cost of eco-system.

Tourism is critical for development as an export drive and job creation. It critical for climate,like all major social-economic sectors and a key component of any green technology parading shift.

The hospitality industry has been known to contribute immensely to the development of our country, there is growing awareness of this in Nigeria as government agencies and private companies are embarking on improvement of services of hotels are resorts.

  1. NEED FOR STUDY

The hospitality industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world and is also a very profitable leisure business. As such research to be carried out in order to know how it works side by side with tourism and how much impact it can have on the economy.

These are countries around the worlds that a great proportion of their national income is generated from tourism and this is as a result of wonderful hospitality that they have for their tourists and guests who have come for other business apart from tourism.

The problems that this industry faces also need to be studied and all  other factors preventing the industry from moving forwards in order to generate more revenue and make the economy of Nigeria stronger.

  1. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
  2. To study the contributions of the hospitality industry to economic development.
  3. To know the classification of hotel
  4. Understanding the problems facing the hospitality industry.
  5. Knowing the history of tourism in Nigeria.
  6. To discover the opportunities in the hospitality industry
  7.  Understanding different between tourism and tourist.
  8. Knowing the way of improving hospitality industry.
    1. SCOPE AND LIMITATION

The study is limited to examining the “hospitality industry” as an agent of tourist attraction and economic development, the history of the hospitality industry is and it’s continued growth is covered. In addition, challenges facing the industry and ways to improve the industry in order to move it forward are also studied.

LIMITATION

        The study of hospitality industry has a lot of issues facing it likewise tourisms,therefore, the study has been limited to the topic under which it is examined using the table of content.

        There is not enough time and money to study the hospitality industry form country to country. Therefore, global survey of the global hospitality group and lodging industry investment council (L.I.I.C) is used to examine the challenges (including investment) facing the lodging industry.

CHAPTER TWO

2.1   LITERATURE REVIEW

        The world tourism organization (WTO) is the lead agency responsible for the development is standardized tourism definition. This agency states that tourisms is defined by the “the set of activities of a person traveling to a place outside his or her usual environment for at least one night, but less than a year, and whose main purpose of travel is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited” the phrase “usual environment” excludes trips within the person’s community of residence and routine commuting trips. The phrase exercise of an activity remunerated from within in the placed visited excludes migration for temporary work paid by an economic agent resident in the place visited. This however, does not apply to business related travel such as sales calls, installation of equipment, or conversions where the traveler’s employer is located elsewhere than the place visited.

Tourism is generally divided into the following categories (sources: WTO)

  1. Domestic tourism: Residents of a county visiting destination in the own country
  2. Inbound tourisms: Visits to a country by non-residents.
  3. Outbound tourism: Residents of a country visiting destinations in other countries.
  4. Internal tourism: The combination of domestic tourism and inbound tourism.
  5. National tourism: The combination of domestic and outbound tourism.
  6. International tourism: The combination of inbound and outbound tourism.

The Ojude Oba festival in Ogun State which is an annual traditional feast draws most Ijebu sons and daughters of Ijebu Ode, the centre of culture and business. It also attracts people from different part of the country. Tourism and hospitality industry encourage tourism businessmen to visit the country or state as a result of this, there is increase in foreign exchange and generating revenue for government through the sales of food and drinks and accommodation.

Tourism is seen to be an economic activity that results in a positive or negative impact.

2.2   HOTEL CLASSIFICATION

        In recent times, experts have tried to classify hotels according to the facilities and services they render using star rating, as listing below:

ONE STAR HOTELS

These hotels are not luxurious and they have limited facilities, they usually have;

  1. Common room
  2. Central heating facilities
  3. Telephone
  4. Furnished rooms with windows and furniture.
  5. Water closet
  6. Breakfast services
  7. Sanitary fitting

TWO-STAR HOTELS

These hotels include all activities of one star hotel plus the use of elevator system. They also have the reception service and at least 40% of the rooms must have washing facilities.

THREE- STAR HOTELS

They must have all facilities in 1 and 2 star plus.

  1. At least 75% of the rooms should have complete washing room and have standard fitting facilities.
  2. Must have 2 separate restaurants and special restaurant e.g. Chinese restaurant.
  3. This should be an open air swimming pool facilities.
  4. Provision of garden bar with high standard security
  5. There must be secretarial service and business centers.
HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY AS AN AGENT OF TOURIST ATTRACTION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT