1.0  Introduction

There is probably no concept more than motivation in the study of employee’s behavior in many organizations. A manager may consider motivation as an inducement (financial or otherwise) given to the employees to motivate them to work more.  By this measure, organization goals and objectives are achieved.

On the other hand, employees usually associate motivation with some monetary values Bedeian (1988).

Motivation is a persuasive function that cuts across all aspects of employee’s development. It is often discussed by people in any organization. Management cannot operate in Isolation of their employees because they are human beings and not machines or tools which are utilize or in a rough manner.

In today’s economy, employers have gone beyond being just employers because of their interest in the management of employee’s productivity. Most business personnels have realize more than even before that their organizational set goals and objectives cannot be achieved if their employee do not perform as much as expected. This is the reason for much concentration of effort on the concept of motivation which is concerned with encouraging workers or employees to attain to the best of their ability.

Human resources both in private and public given organization, hence must be handled with care. Motivation of the employee is the area management should concern be in other to ensure the realization of the planned goals and objectives of their organizations.

People go to work in organization not for the sake of work itself but with the aim of achieving their individual objectives. It then follows that the key of motivation is the satisfaction of needs. A workers will be satisfy it he feels his organization is helping him to satisfy his/her needs to a reasonable extent. In view of the fact that needs are sophisticated in nature there has been a growing importance to understand these needs b some behavioural scientists. Thus, we have a lot of motivational theories hence those propounded by Abraham Maslow, Vroom, Fredrides Herzberyg to mention but a few.

The needs of people are in a continuum sometimes, it could be intrinsic or extrinsic. An Individual’s need at any particular times depends on the value he places on it at that time and most times it goes hand in hand with societal value. So different would want and need different things in different situation and at different times. (Drucker 1974:120).

In Nigeria, a critical analysis of both the intrinsic and extrinsic in many enterprises. Reward for work is neglected. This problem rears its ugly heed mostly in public sectors or institutions lice in Akwa Ibom State Water Company.

In this age and time when every nation is striving to be on top of others technologically politically and economically, the problem of motivation  cannot be over emphasized and should not be trampled under the feet, as “the will do” is an essentially ingredient of a labor force. Lawal (20040.

Management is best understood from a resource base perspective All organizations use four based kinds of inputs or resources from their environment, human, finance, materials and information resource. Management is responsible for cobbling and co-coordinating resources to achieve the organizational functions or activities, planning and decision making, organizing, leading and controlling. Mc Gregor (1960).

There is a range at motivational technique that can be used to improve productivity, reduce workforce stress and increase self confidence. Some managers believe that they can achieve result from teams by using coercing methods. However, these factors can indeed produce result the  effect will probably be much more short term and will mean that staffs are forces on achieving business objectives but rather on simpley keeping their jobs. Ubaka (1975).


1.1  Statement of the Problem

The growth and development of any economy cannot be meaningful and complete if the water sector is not well footed in terms of productivity growth and profitability. Over the years, the poor performance of the water and other natural resources sector in Nigeria has been a matter of concern and debate among academics, writers, government officials and members of the public.

The reason for this trend as well as the appointment of the blame has formed the basis for a controversy. It is increasingly being realized by workers, economists, and government as well as customers that the problems playing the country’s water and other related natural resources sector lice in the negative attitude to work,