This study was aimed at investigating the impact of tailoring on poverty reduction in Gwagwalada. To guide the study, the researcher formulated three research questions and two hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The total populations of the study were 195, 261 and One hundred (100) tailors were selected as the sample. The questionnaire was used for data collection of which simple percentage was used for research questions and logit regression was used to analyze research hypothesis. The findings revealed that tailoring have serious impact on poverty reduction in Gwagwalada. It was recommend among others, that government should provide steady power supply to aid tailoring activities, that government should provide security of lives and property and most importantly, the need for youths to be given financial grant for self employment so as to reduce poverty.
1.1 Background of the Study
Poverty is plight that is afflicting some people all over the world and it is considered as serious problems that stare the economic development of any country in the face. It is looked as one of the manifestations of developing nations. It comprises of insufficient income and denial of the basic necessities of life which include education, health services, clean water and sanitation that are essential for human survival and dignity (World Bank, 2007). Onibokun and Kumuyi (1996) stated that poverty is associated to a shortage of essential resources and the endurance of harsh and inhospitable environment, including the breakdown of economics, demographical, ecological, cultural and social systems. The affected people’s lack some of the most basic needs for their survival, such as food, water, and shelter. Again, the World Bank defines poverty thus: Poverty is hunger, poverty is lack of shelter, poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor, poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read. Poverty is not having a job. Poverty is fear for the future living. (Poverty is also to be hopelessness, lack of representation and liberty, World Bank, 2009). Similarly, the international Labour Organization (ILO, 2003) notes that (poverty is a vicious cycle of poor health, reduced working capacity, low productivity and shortened life expectancy). As a result of poverty, those who suppose to more hard working in their productive unit will be affected which is directly or indirectly reduces output.
Most of the developing nations of the world today are faced with difficult challenge of poverty on their average population which is considered as one of poor majority. Evidence in the country like Nigeria shows the percentage number of the poor people which continued to rise from 27.2% in 1980 to 46.3% in 1985; it declined to 42.7% in 1992, and increased very sharply to 65.6% in 1996, 54.4% in 2004. The 2010 figures presents Nigeria in a pathetic form as about 69.0% at national level are poor (NBS, 2012). This explains why government has over the years embarked on several entrepreneurship and development initiative programmes aimed at poverty alleviation in the country. Among the programme includes: Operation Feed the Nation (OFN, 1976), Better Life for Rural Women (1985), Directorate for Food, Road and Rural infrastructure (DFRRI, 1986), Green Revolution Programme (1990), Family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP, 1997), Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP, 1999), National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP, 2000). Others include, the establishment of Community Banks and Small Scale Industries Credit Scheme (CBSSICS), the Family Support Programme (FSP), the National Agricultural Development Agency (NADA), the Rural Employment Promotion (REP), Vocational Skills Development (VSD), Small Scale Enterprises Programme (SSEP), Special Public Work Programme (SPWP), National Directorate of Employment (SMES), Small and Medium Scale Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN), SURE P, and NPower Volunteers’ Network (NPVN).