The term residential property are building constructed to locate for shelter (i.e. to living) for both man and animal, after the day work, own is expected to sleep under his shelter for refreshment of the brain. Examples of residential property are duplex, bungalow and castle.
The morphology of any town or city in its past and present population determine the nature of social and economic activities in that town urban area search of sites thereby concentrate more workers, building and residential activities into the area. Increase in the number of people who live in urban and also the diffusion of urban life to every habitable world would be seen as one of the characteristics features of modern day life which made it necessary for the study of urban growth so as to examine why it occur, what happen, when it occurs and what impact does it have on residential property values.
Urban growth is in no doubt associated with some inherit problem which calls for an effective control that will serve as a guide to uplift the living standard of the citizen. These problems can as well be equated or compared to those prevailing in other places. It is therefore hoped that the findings of this project will help both the government investor and their likes appreciate the impact growth and also enable the government to plan ahead.
The aim of this research is to find out or throw more lightly on the growth problem and prospects of small scale industry in Nigeria.
The objectives of the projects is primarily to find out the growth problems and prospects confronting small scale industry in Oyo State with a case study of Taotech Quarry and Mining Nigeria Limited Ibadan.
The study will recommend ways and means of eliminating these problems with a view to achieving was given to small scale industries because I have considered carefully the nature of the state. Industries are just spring up, there are very few large scale industries where as small scale industries are very much and could be found in urban and rural areas. The project is being strutted in to five different chapters which are:
Chapter one contain, introduction of the study, statement of problems, objective of the study, scope of the study. Limitation of the study, plan of the study, definition of concept and term.
Chapter two contain, literature review, definition of small scale industry, importance of small scale industry, sources of finance for small-scale industry, characteristics of small business firms in Nigeria, problem facing small-scale industry, I-low small-scale industry can be growth and develop in Nigeria.
Chapter three also contain, Research methodology, area of study, population of study, sample size and sampling procedure, method of data collection, source of data collection, statistical tool applied data analysis
Chapter four will also contain Result and discussion, demographic characteristics of the respondents. Chapter five also contain, conclusion of the study, recommendation of the study
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of Content
1 .1 Statement of the problems
1 .2 Objective of the study
1.3 Scope of the study
1.4 Limitation of the study
1.5 Plan of the study
1.6 Definition of concept and term
1.7 Historical background of Taotech
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Definition of small-scale industry
2.2 Importance of small-scale industry
2.3 Source of finance for small-scale industry
2.4 Characteristics of small business firms in Nigeria
2.5 Problem facing small-scale industry
2.6 How small-scale industry can
be grow and develop in Nigeria
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Area of study
3.2 Population of the study
3.3 Sample size and sampling procedure
3.4 Method of data collection
3.5 Source of data
3.6 Data collection
3.7 Statistical tool applied data analysis
4.0 RESULT, DISCUSSION AND DEMOGRAPHY
4.1 Results and discussion
4.2 Demographic characteristics of the respondents
5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary of the study
5.2 Conclusion of the study
5.3 Recommendation of the study Reference
Many people have the anonymous belief that Nigeria can become industrialized only through the establishment of large industries. But if one should look critically in to the industries development of the economically developed countries it shows that for a genuine industrial take off in a number and improving the performance of indigenous owned small-scale industries, In the investigation of the entrepreneurial phenomena Enmill (1934) observed that the characteristics features of an entrepreneur include direction supervision, control and risk taking. It is affinity for risk, which distinguishes him from the manager. But according to Schumpeter (1934) emphasized innovation rather than risk taking as the most important distinction between the two. In his opinion an entrepreneur’s goal broadly defined, is to develop new product or services as well as new method of production identify new market, discover new sources of supply and develop how organization forms.
It is no gain saving that the industrial section has contributed immensely, to the economics and social development in Nigeria, the importance of the small-scale industries has been recognized by the federal government of Nigeria claimed that play especially to the creation of employment opportunities, mobilization of local resources and the diminution of rural-urban migration.
Small-scale industries are indispensable in the national economy. Since large scale industries depend on it. Hence the path to rapid economic development will depend to a large extent on the efficiency of this sector.
Therefore, the importance of the industrial sector in modern economic is universally accepted the developing countries have since 1990’s. Shown greater interest in the promotion of the growth of small scale industries (SSI) for three main reasons.
(a) The failure of past industrial police, which anchored on the establishment of large firms to generate self sustaining growth.
(b) Increased emphasis on self reliant to development and greater attention paid to aspect of development other investment and output growth.
(c) This other elements of growth small-scale industry sector (SSI) contribute to include more economic use of resources more employment creation p unit of capital investment. Mobilization of domestic savings bar investment, development, great utilization of level resources and more equitable income distribution. Another justification for the interest, in the experience that growing and dynamic small enterprises have growing in to large ones and have contributed substantially to national development objectives.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
All over the World, inadequate access to finance is one of the major objectives inhibiting the establishment and growth of small business firms.
The finance problem of the small business firm is more serious in the developing countries than in the developed countries in developing countries like Nigeria.
There is need for improved ways of financing the small business firms but at the same time the needs are difficult to satiety.
For a very long time now the medium and large scale firms, have been receiving more financing alternation at the expense of the small firms.
1. While the Nigeria industrial development bank (NIDB) and the Nigeria Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI) reserve their financial assistance for the medium and large scale enterprise, the small business firms cannot be said to have such special development institution set up solely to cater for their finance needs. It was until 1973 that the Nigeria Bank for Commerce and Industry under took the responsibility of channeling and coordinate loans and credit to small business firms. Since then, the Nigeria Bank for Commerce and Industry has been playing the role of an apex institution.
2. The small scale industries in Nigeria have other problems apart from that of finance; managerial inefficiency is one of such problems. Other include lack of infrastructural facilities, mobility to attract skilled manpower poor making facilities and inaccurate accounting records keeping, this study will however focus attention on the problems of growth and development facing small scale industries.
The small scale industries are faced general with three types of financial needs.
(a) The need for initial capital
(b) Working capital once the firms is in operation
(c) Capital for expansion
3. Apart from these financial needs the small scale industries have difficulty in securing long term equity finance, obtaining greater protection from the calling of loans and security funds in small amount at lower rates?
4. In light of the discussion small scale industries should not be allowed die because of financial inadequacy. Their survival is of great importance to the country since the majority of firms in the Nigeria business sector are mostly small scale in nature. Moreover many large scale business of today are off show of yesterday small firms.