THE IMPACT OF POOR REVENUE GENERATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS
(A CASE STUDY OF UMUAHIA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT)
TABLE OF CONTENT
APPROVAL PAGE i
TABLE OF CONTENT iv
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 1
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 2
1.3 PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY 3
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 4
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 4
1.6 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION 5
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 5
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS 6
2.0 DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
IN NIGERIA 11
2.1 SOURCES OF REVIEW GENERATION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT 15
2.2 THE NEED FOR REVENUE GENERATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS. 21
2.3 THE PROBLEMS OF REVENUE GENERATION 24
2.4 THE IMPLICATION OF REVENUE GENERATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS 27
2.5 TAX AS A MAJOR SOURCE OF REVENUE 35
2.6 THE PURPOSE OF TAX 37
2.7 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH TAX COLLECTION IN UMUAHIA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA 39
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 45
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN 45
3.2 AREA OF STUDY 46
3.3 POPULATION OF THE STUDY 46
3.4 SAMPLE SIZE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUES 46
3.5 INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION
3.6 SOURCES OF DATA COLLECTION
3.7 VALIDATION OF INSTRUMENT 49
3.8 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS 50
4.0 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 55
5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 73
5.2 RECOMMENDATION 74
5.3 CONCLUSION 76
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Development is a sine qua non for modern civilization. In a crusade and struggle to carryout development at all nooks and crannies of the society, the local government as the tier of government that is nearest to the people is saddled with the responsibility of direct development of the people to a certain level.
Development is highly associated with fund, much revenue is needed to plan, execute and maintain infrastructures and facilities at the local government level. The needed revenue generated for such developmental projects. Like construction of accessible roads, building of public schools, health care centers, construction of bridges among others are soles generated from taxes, royalties, haulages, fines and grants from states, national and international governments.
Thus, the Local government cannot embark, execute and possibly carryout the maintenance of these projects and other responsibilities without adequate revenue generation.
This is the basic reason why development is skeletal at some Local Government councils in Nigeria. The issue of poor revenue generation is not exceptional to local government in Abia State. This has been one of the problems encountered by Umuahia North Local Government.
This however pronouncedly affected development negatively in local government councils. In this research project, the issue to address is how far can this poor revenue generation affect development especially in Umuahia North Local Government.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The Local Government Council take direct care of the grassroots people, that is the people in the rural areas. This group of people sometimes lack essential facilities and condition of modern civilization. They lack pipe bore water to drink, do not have electricity, accessible roads, poor educational infrastructure and facilities to mention but a few.
This is one of the major reasons of rural – urban migration of movement. This has made our cities to be congested and increase in many criminal activities. Based on the above and foregoing assertions, it is obivious that the impact of poor revenue generation on the development of the rural area is a serious problem. This might be as a result of poor revenue generation. If Nigeria is to achieve her desired goal of vision 2020 and possibly meet the millennium development goals (MDGS) target, the issue of revenue generation must be addressed squarely.
Hence the researcher is bothered to find out the impact of poor revenue generation on the lives of people at the rural area and how it has affected development in general especially in Umuahia North Local Government Area.
1.3 PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The broad objective of the research is to evaluate the impact created by poor revenue generation on the development of Umuahia North in Abia State.
The other objective of this study includes:
- To determine the level of modern social amenities available in Umuahia North.
- To find out the level of poverty associated with the rural people as a result of poor development
- To find out the degree of rural-urban migration.
- To make useful suggestions to solve the problem of poor revenue generation as development depends on revenue generated.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What are the impacts of poor revenue generation on the development of Umuahia North?
- Are there adequate modern social amenities in Umuahia North?
- Is the poverty level of the rural people high has a result of poor development?
- Has poor revenue generation in Umuahia North contributed to rural-urban migration?
- How can revenue generation in Umuahia North be improved?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of any human endeavour is measured by its relevance to solving human problems. The findings of this study would help Umuahia North Local Government to identify the problems associated with revenue generation and its consequences on development.
1.6 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION
The study is focused on the impact of poor revenue generation and how it affects development of the local government areas. It will also involve the analysis of problems associated wit revenue generation and its impact on the development of Umuahia North Local Government.