THE IMPORTANT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION, A CASE STUDY OF IGBARA-ODO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE
This study was carried out to investigate the importance of aste management to environmental sanitation on Igbara Local government area of Ekiti State of Nigeria. The local governments have recently adopted a dynamic approach to the issue of the environmental health problems through self help and self initiative. It is hoped that such as self initiative would go along way in minimizing cost, of health care delivery and make health practice real to the people, it is also assumed that such a programme would obviously have some significant influence on the physical psychological and sociological and economic growth and development of the community in which of operates. To investigate those assertion three hundred (300) people and fifteen (15) different areas in Ekiti State of the local sanitation taskforce in different area were used for the study. At best (20) respondents were randomly selected each of the sub-area for the data collection. The instruments used for the collection of data were questionnaires oral interview, documentary evidence and participant observation. The result of the study shows that a dynamic new programme has contributed sanitation indeed exists in Ekiti State. And it was found that the programme has contributed significantly towards the physical, psychological, sociological and economic development of the community. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended among other things that
- Every community should emulate the urban experiment were by the environmental health care delivery is the responsibility of all the sundry.
- Children of ender age should be involved in keeping their surrounding clear, in order to “catch them young” towards “health for all people”.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Concepts of environmental sanitation
Scope of the environmental sanitation
Major causes of poor environmental sanitation condition
Effects of the environmental hazard
Different approaches to the control of the insanitary environmental sanitation in Nigeria
Administration of instruments
Data analysis techniques
Findings and discussions
It is believed that God created man in his own image to be in control of the environment and make the best out of it as recorded in the bible (Gen 1:26-31). But man in his search for daily bread, quest for knowledge and materials wealth, has turned round to pollute the beautiful environment. From the earliest times man has been striving to control the environment. But as said earlier, man owns the health and life. That is why he found himself from the dragon headed problems he has caused himself in recent times. Environmental sanitation has become a topical subject at international, national state and local spheres. This is aim at initiating action to arrest the fast deteriorating environmental health status worldwide. In Nigeria, today the congestion of people in urban areas which is mainly as a result of rural urban migration the concentration of industrial establishment and share increase in population have made the control of the environment imperative and equally challenging.
To improve the general environmental sanitation of the major town in Nigeria has always constituted a big problem to both individual and government with the result that the town/cities are being strangulated by things generated by the inhabitant. The result of this condition is environmental pollution in all its ramification. The problems of pollution have also found its way into the political area and every community in every state has been confronted difficulties of his environment. To the man concern regarding pollution is the adverse effect exerted on the health of the people. The problems of poor sanitation and unhygienic behaviour among the majority of Nigerians are so serious that the federal military government had to come into check the situation towards achieving “health for all by the year 2010” as declared by the world health organization (WHO). Several strategies were mapped out and adopted by the federal government (the military regime in 1984 to achieve this objective. Consequently, the environmental sanitation programmes were mounted throughout the federation. This was followed by the establishment of the “task force on environmental sanitation” at both state and local levels to co0ordinate this elaborate programme.
The Ekiti state chapter was launched on 20th March 1984 by the then state military governor SANYA. This led to the appointment of captain JOSHUA AYODELE as the state chairman of the taskforce on environmental sanitation-the position he actively held till the task force was decentralized in October, 1988 this sanitation movement was backed up legally by edicts for Ekiti state it was captioned edict No 18 of 1984, which took effect from Monday April 2nd 1984. At the local government level too, environmental sanitation committees were appointed with members down from various walks of life. Serious sanitation were imposed on individuals public and private establishment or corporate bodies who fell short of the expected governments guidelines on environmental sanitation or health habits and practices. For instance, dirty filthy private premises dumping of refuse in unauthorized places. Urinating or defecating in public places were punishable by the fine ranging from N 100-1000, or punishment as the case may be.