INFLUENCE OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN BABCOCK UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL, OGUN STATE
The study examined the influence of family background on the academic achievement of senior secondary school student in babcock university high school, ogun state.
More specifically, the study sought to assess the academic performance within sound family background and paltry family background in Senior secondary schools.
The study consist of all senior secondary school students in Babcock high school (SSS1-3), simple random sampling technique was use to pick the respondents and 122 senior secondary school students were selected.
100% respondents duly participated in the survey. A well- developed questionnaire was designed to elicit information from the respondents.
The data collected were analyzed using the descriptive statistics technique and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to test the stated hypotheses at 0.05% significance level.
Result from the study indicated that parents’ educational level, occupation, family size and level of motivation are key variables of family background that significantly influences the academic achievement of students.
Also students’ from sound family background naturally tend to perform better than their peers from paltry family background.
Base on this, the study advised that Students should be encouraged, monitored, motivated and supported by their parents and teachers.
1.1 Background of the Study
Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especially the youths. This is because education is very important in the development of any nation or community. Education is the process of transmitting what is worthwhile to members of the society. According to Okafor (1981). Education embraces all those experiences of the individual through which knowledge is acquired and intellect enlightened. For Nwabachili and Egbue (1993) education is what goes on from one generation to another generation. In this context, education is the process of socializing the child to grow up as a fulfilled member of the society through informal, formal and non-formal process. Informal education is the process of acquiring knowledge about the environment and beyond through living with one another. According to Nwabachili and Egbue (1993) formal education is a consciously planned form of socialization in a formal setting such as school. They stressed that non-formal education involve all those systematic programme? and processes of education and training that is done outside formal education settings. All these forms of education cannot be achieved without the influence of the family.
Family is the first social environment the child finds itself. According to Clifford (1981) family remains the primary environment of the child. The author emphasized that family environment has more chances of increasing or decreasing the intellectual achievement of the child. Akubue and Okolo (2008), defined family as a small kinship structural group with the key function of natural socialization of the new born. Similarly, in Okunniyi (2004), family is defined as a primary social group of parents, offspring and possibly other members of the household.