1.1 Background of the Study
Education is a basic tool used by society for transmission of its societal values. It has become an area of prime importance not only for government or voluntary agencies but also for individuals, families, Governments and communities; Voluntary agencies and individuals are committing a lot of resources in order to achieve success in the educational enterprise (Orhfmgur, 1990).
According to Awoniyo (1991). The greatness of any nation depends on the genius, qualities, attitudes and aspirations of her people and it cannot expect to be ignorant and free at the same time.
Many factors and reasons have been given as being responsible for the continuous falling in the academic standard of our present educational system. These includes; attitudes of teachers to work, lack of seriousness on the part of the students, effect of the; dwindled economy and to some extent the increasing degenerating moral system. Despite all possible efforts put forward by various governments and voluntary agencies to curb these trends, the country is yet to witness the rise it desires to see in the educational system.
The saddest irony of it all is that we have all the teaching facilities and equipments with modem infrastructures, more qualified and experienced teachers now than we had in the past, more improved effective teaching methods and strategies and all the facilities as well as basic amenities one could need foe effective learning. The worry then was, why is education falling continuously in the system today?
Family background is any meaningful attempt to classify individuals, household or families in terms of indication such as occupation, family size, income, education, among others in relation to the intention in the society. It is a key to a students life within and outside of school, the most important influence on students learning. Family background is a primary solemnization agent and influence a child’sinterest in school and aspiration for the future. The researchers’ interest and motivation in this topic is the fact that some students are exceptionally good in their work, while some extremely bad. When such variations in scores are traced it is more often discovered that family background is a major contributory factor. It is therefore important that the levels of such contributions and the influence they have on children be examined so that useful suggestions to parents, teachers, educational planners and government could be made.