INVESTIGATED PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF BIOLOGY STUDENTS IN BIASELOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE.

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ABSTRACT

This study investigated Parental Influence and Academic Performance of Biology Students in BiaseLocal Government Area of Cross River State. To achieve the purpose of this study, five research questions were formulated as well as five null hypothesis to guide the study. The sample size of the study was two hundred (200). The instrument used for data collection was a modified four points likert type questionnaire and Biology Achievement test. Simple random sampling techniques was used to select the sample for the study. All the variables were subjected to test at 0.05 level of significance with 198 degree of freedom, using independent t-test. Analysis’ the rest finding of the study shows that all the· variables, parental income, parental education qualification, family size, parenting style significantly influence the academic performance of Biology students. Based on the results recommendations where made that government should educate and create awareness for the people on the importance of raising the size of family that they can cater for effectively, equally, the people should embrace the monogamous marriage and imbibe the concept of family planning based on available resources, some suggestions were made for further research.

TABLE OF  CONTENT

TITLE PAGE                                                                              

DECLARATION                                                                           i

CERTIFICATION                                                                         ii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT                                                                   iii

ABSTRACT                                                                                 iv
TABLE OF CONTENT                                                                   v

LIST OF TABLES                                                                         viii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

  1. Background to the study                                                    1
    1. Theoretical framework                                                       3
    1. Statement of the problem                                                  9
    1. Purpose of the study                                                         10
    1. Research questions                                                           11
    1. Research hypothesis                                                          11
    1. Significance of the study                                                    12
    1. Assumptions of the study                                                   13
    1. Scope of the study                                                            14
    1. Limitations of the study                                                     14
    1. Definition of terms                                                            15

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW       

2.1     Family size and biology students’ academic performance        16 

2.2     Parents’ educational qualification and biology

students’ academic performance                                19     

2.3     Parenting style and biology student

academic performance                                                       21

2.4     Parents income and biology students’

academic performance                                             23

2.5     Summary of Literature review                                             26

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Research design                                                            28

3.2    Area of the study                                                          29

3.3    Population of the study                                                 30

3.4    Sampling technique                                                       30

3.5    Sample                                                                           31

3.6    Instrumentation                                                             31

3.6.1 Validity of the instrument                                          32

3.7     Procedure for data collection                                              33

3.8     Data preparation                                                              33

3.9     Procedure for data analysis                                                34

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS

4.1     Hypothesis-by-hypothesis presentation

and interpretation of results                                               37

4.2     Summary of finding                                                 45

4.3     Discussion of findings                                                        46

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND

RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary of the study                                                       52

5.2     Conclusion                                                                       54

5.3     Recommendations                                                   55

5.4     Suggestions for further research                               56

REFERENCES 

APPENDIX

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1:      Independent t-test analysis on the influence of

 family size on students’ performance (n=200)             38

TABLE 2:      Independent t-test analysis on the influence

of parental education qualification

on students’ performance (N=200)                               40

TABLE 3:      Independent t-test analysis on the parenting

style on students’ performance (n=200)               42

TABLE 4:      Independent t-test analysis on the parental

background and students’ performance (n=200)               44

INVESTIGATED PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF BIOLOGY STUDENTS IN BIASELOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE.