KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF HAND WASHING AS A MEASURE OF DISEASE CONTROL AMONG STUDENTS IN AFE BABALOLA UNIVERSITY

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KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF HAND WASHING AS A MEASURE OF DISEASE CONTROL AMONG STUDENTS IN AFE BABALOLA UNIVERSITY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF STUDY                                                                                    2

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM                                                                          3

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES                                                                                       5

RESEARCH QUESTIONS                                                                                        5

SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY                                                                        6

SCOPE OF STUDY                                                                                                    6

LIMITATIONS TO STUDY                                                                                      7

OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS                                                 7

 

CHAPTER TWO

INTRODUCTION                                                                                                      9

CONCEPT OF HAND WASHING AND DISEASE CONTROL                             9

THE LINK BETWEEN HAND HYGIENE AND INFECTION                               13

EMPIRICAL FRAMEWORK                                                                                    17

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK                                                                              21

 

CHAPTER THREE

SOURCES OF DATA                                                                                                23

POPULATION OF THE STUDY                                                                              23

DETERMINATION OF SAMPLE SIZE                                                                   24

STUDY AREA                                                                                                           25

DESCRIPTION OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT                                           26

RESEARCH DESIGN                                                                                                27

VALIDITY OF THE INSTRUMENT                                                                        27

RELIABILITY OF THE INSTRUMENT                                                                  28

METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS                                                                             28

 

CHAPTER FOUR

INTRODUCTION                                                                                                      29

DATA ANALYSIS                                                                                                     32

DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS                                                                                    42

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS                                                                                      53

CONCLUSION                                                                                                           56

RECOMMENDATIONS                                                                                            60

 

REFERENCES                                                                                                         62

 

APPENDIX

QUESTIONNAIRE                                                                                                    69

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the thesis was to study the knowledge and practice of hand washing as a measure of disease control among students in AfeBabalola University. The goal was to know how well the knowledge of hand hygiene is known to the students and their attitudes towards maintaining good hand hygiene and to find possible ways for better adherence. The quantitative research method was used. Questionnaire was divided in 4 sections and distributed to students who were used for the study as respondents. Results from the findings indicated that majority of the students maintained good hygiene prior and after eating. The students also maintain good hand hygiene after using the restroom.

The results revealed that although majority of the students wash hands during these cases most of them do not fully know or understand the right procedures and techniques of proper and effective hand hygiene and the right use of alcohol hand rub in the prevention of illness. In the conclusion it came to attention that there is the need for further education for the students on the various procedures of proper hand and personal hygiene to effectively prevent the spread of infection and diseases. It was recommended to hold hand hygiene educational events interesting enough to attract students from all the various fields of study to participate.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Health associated infections are the most common adverse event in health care resulting in a significant burden on patients, their families, and health care systems (WHO, 2012). In addition, every time a patient is treated for a health care-associated infection, the opportunity for microorganisms to develop resistance to antimicrobial drugs increases. The increasing incidence of multi-drug resistant organisms and emerging infections such as Ebola virus disease continue to heighten the need for taking every possible measure to control the spread of infectious diseases. Hand hygiene is the leading measure for preventing the spread of pathogens and reducing health care-associated infections, but health care providers’ adherence to recommended practices remains suboptimal in most settings, and improvement is difficult to sustain (WHO, 2012). The hand hygiene practices of health care providers, the reasons for suboptimal practice, and the intractable nature of changing practice have been extensively researched; based on this research, an increasing number of health care agencies are implementing programs aimed at addressing the barriers to hand hygiene.

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KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF HAND WASHING AS A MEASURE OF DISEASE CONTROL AMONG STUDENTS IN AFE BABALOLA UNIVERSITY

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