STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING LOW ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATE(A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA LOCAL GOVERNMENT)

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STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING LOW ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATE(A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA LOCAL GOVERNMENT)

ABSTRACT

This study examines strategies for improving low academic performance in English language in secondary schools in Kaduna state. Over the years, there has been a consistent decline in students’ performance in English Language. This sordid situation has caused teachers, parents, curriculum experts and evaluators a serious concern. To carry out this investigation, data were collected from thirty eight (38) English language teachers randomly from twenty secondary schools in Kaduna North Local Government Area. Analysis of the data revealed that poorly trained English language teachers, poor instructional delivery, lack of infrastructural facilities, teachers’ attitude toward innovation, and the traditional content/knowledge oriented curriculum were factors associated with students’ low performance in English language. Based on the findings recommendations were made on strategies that will improve the quality of performance in the subject. In this work, data collected in the area of material, facilities and human resources available for teaching the subject, using questionnaire, personal interview and relevant textbooks. Put together, the research questionnaire distributed were forty.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           i

Approval page       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           ii

Declaration –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           iii

Dedication  –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           iv

Acknowledgment –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           v

Abstract       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           vi

Table of Contents –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background of the Study          –           –           –           –           –           1

1.2      Statement of the Problem         –           –           –           –           –           2

1.3      Purpose of the Study      –           –           –           –           –           –           3

1.4      Research Questions         –           –           –           –           –           –           4

  • Significance of the Study –           –           –           –           –           4

1.6      Delimitation of the Study          –           –           –           –           –           5

1.7      Limitation of the Study  –           –           –           –           –           –           5

1.8      Definition of Terms         –           –           –           –           –           –           6

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.0      Introduction          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           8

2.1      A Brief History of English Language in Nigeria    –           –           8

2.2      Status of English Language       –           –           –           –           –           9

2.3      Importance of English Language in Nigeria           –           –           11

2.4      The Need for Standard Knowledge of English Language         12

2.5      The Teaching and Learning of English Language            –           –           13

2.5.1   Problems of Teaching and Learning English as a Second Language      14

2.6      Forms of Learning           –           –           –           –           –           –           39

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0      Introduction          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           51

3.1      Research Design   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           51

3.2      Population of the Study –           –           –           –           –           –           51

3.3      Sample and Sampling Techniques     –           –           –           –           52

3.4      Research Instrument      –           –           –           –           –           –           53

3.6      Method of Data Collection        –           –           –           –           –           54

3.7      Method of Data Analysis           –           –           –           –           –           54

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

4.0      Introduction          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           55

4.1      Presentation and Analysis        –           –           –           –           –           55

4.2      Summary of Findings     –           –           –           –           –           –           59

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1      Re: Statement of Problem         –           –           –           –           –           60

5.2      Procedure used for the Research      –           –           –           –           60

5.3      Discussion of Findings   –           –           –           –           –           –           61

5.4      Conclusion  –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           63

5.5      Recommendations          –           –           –           –           –           –           64

5.6      Suggestions for Further Studies         –           –           –           –           67

References  –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           68

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background of the Study

The modern trend in education and the complex nature of learning and instruction have made the role of the teachers more challenging. This new role does not just involve the more transmission of information to students but it involves looking at the problems associated with learning and instruction. The National Policy on Education (NPE, 2004) in Nigeria emphasized that our children should be educated properly so that they can acquire skills and competencies that would enable them function well and solve problems in the society. The accomplishment and realization of these important educational goals in Nigeria lies in the new trend in the educational approaches.

These new approaches to learning and instruction expose the students to conceptualize and effectively manage their own learning and thus reinforce their learning and transfer their training in practical situations. Despite the new approach to learning and instruction, English language at the Senior Secondary School level in Nigeria has been plagued with poor results and low achievements. Annual results from West African Examinations Council (WAEC) reveal woeful performances from the students who have made enrolment for English language examinations a yearly ritual. It is worrisome to note too that the performance of these students has continued to deteriorate year after year. It is understood that if the situation in English Language remains like this, it will affect both the economic and technological growth of the state. This is because a good mastery of English language is mandatory on all students in order to do well in other secondary school subjects. Students who are handicapped in English language are therefore likely to be handicapped in the acquisition of skills in arts and technological related subjects.

From the foregoing, therefore, we can conclude that English language is an indispensable language of communication in Kaduna.

1.2      Statement of the Problem

This research as stated above concerns itself with the study of strategies for improving low academic performance in English language by suggesting possible solution to the following questions:

  1. i) What are the attitude/feelings of the students towards the studying of English language?
  2. ii) What account for the decline in performance in the subject (English language)?
  • iii) Do they have enough material and human resources for the teaching and learning process?
  1. iv) Do they understand the subject very well?
  2. v) Does the Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSCE) syllabus have either a positive or a negative effect on the student performance?

1.3      Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to find out strategies for improving the performance of secondary school student in English language. Specifically it ought to:

  1. i) To find out the types of facilities available in the secondary schools for teaching English language.
  2. ii) To identify the methods of teaching used in teaching English language.
  • iii) To identify the extent to which teachers are motivated to teach English language.
  1. iv) To identify strategies for improving the low academic performance of students in English language.

1.4      Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. i) What type of facilities is available for teaching English language in secondary schools in Kaduna State?
  2. ii) What are the methods of teaching adopted by English Language teachers?
  • iii) To what extent are English Language teachers motivated?
  1. iv) What are the strategies for improving the low academic performance of students in English Language?

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STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING LOW ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATE(A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA LOCAL GOVERNMENT)

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