THE STUDY OF MANAGEMENT OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN NIGERIA: CASE STUDY OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN NORTH EAST NIGERIA
1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The issue of displaced persons in recent time has been a worldwide development. The displacement across the world is owing to communal violence, natural disaster, internal armed conflicts, border conflicts, ethno-religious conflicts and terrorist attacks. Regardless of the reason behind the displacement, the development continuously leaves socioeconomic, political and physical assaults on legion folks worldwide, such as: vulnerability to security and physical threats, loss of lives and properties, loss of contact with kids and relations, inadequate and insecure shelter, discrimination in aids distribution, psycho-social stress, sexual and gender-based violence. different challenges embrace loss of private documentation, hampered access to health care, adequate food, water
and sanitation, education, employment, lack of access to basic services, issue of housing, land and property, and unsafe or involuntary come, native integration or relocation (United Nations Human Rights, 2011). Changing into displaced at intervals one’s own country doesn’t confer special status within the same sense as will changing into an expatriate. IDPs stay voters or habitual residents of a selected country and still are entitled to fancy the rights offered to the population as an entire. However, thanks to their special state of affairs, specific wants and also
the heightened vulnerability that result the actual fact of being displaced, they’re entitled to special protection and help (Muhammed, 2013). Recent happenings in Nigeria show that internal displacement in Nigeria is not only caused by natural and human made disasters, ethnology-religious-political conflicts, but mainly due to insurgency especially in the North-East geo political zone. The most severe problem facing Nigeria in general and North-East in particular is insurgency. Insurgency has devastating consequences on economic, religious, political and social activities of the Nigerian state, particularly within the state of Borno, Yobe, Bauchi, Plateau, Kaduna, Niger, and a few others. The activities of the insurgents are damaging each physically and psychological (Danjibo,
2009, Anifowose, 2012, Abide, 2012, Ilechukwu, 2014). In fact, the activities of Boko Haram have stimulated the other ethnic groups to embark on extra judicial adventures which might cause lawlessness and collapse of the state. Also, through Boko Haram activities, foreign direct investment in Nigeria has attenuate and Nigeria’s investment climate has conjointly been declared risky and expatriates are weary of operating in Nigeria owing to the unsafe nature of the country. A heavy supply of concern but lies with internal displacement of persons (IDPS) arising as a results of insurgents invasion of North East geo-political zone in Federal Republic of Nigeria. The invasion of insurgent cluster within the region started in style of socio-political cluster. In 2011 it took a
replacement dimension, once Boko Haram as foreign terrorist organization appeared within the world map. From 2011 until date, the activities of this insurgent cluster have inflicted serious injuries and hardship to the lives and properties of individuals within the space.