MISOGYNY IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN MUSIC A STUDY OF IYANYA’S AND OLAMIDE’S LYRICS

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MISOGYNY IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN MUSIC A STUDY OF IYANYA’S AND OLAMIDE’S LYRICS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page – – – – – – – – – – i
Table of Contents – – – – – – – – ii

CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of Problem – – – – – – – 3
1.3 Objective of Study – – – – – – – 3
1.4 Significance of Study – – – – – – – 4
1.5 Scope of Study – – – – – – – – 4
1.6 Research Methodology – – – – – – – 4
1.7 Hypothesis – – – – – – – – – 5
1.8 Operational Definitions – – – – – – – 5

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Concepts of Corruption – – – – – – – 6
2.2 Theoretical Framework – – – – – – – 9
2.3 The Nature and Characteristics of Corruption – – – 9
(i) Political Corruption
(ii) Bureaucratic Corruption
(iii) Electoral Corruption
2.4 The Causes of Corruption – – – – – – 12
2.5 Factors that Engender Corruption – – – – – 14

1.10 Chapter Outline

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Definition of Terms
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Aims and Objectives of the Study
1.4 Methodology
1.5 Scope and Delimitation of the Study
1.6 Limitation to the Study
1.7 Significance of the Study
1.8 Theoretical Framework
1.9 Bio data of the Artistes

Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature

Chapter Three: Misogyny in Iyanya’s Lyrics
3.1 Analysis of Selected Iyanya’s Lyrics
3.2 Stylistic and Aesthetic Features in Iyanya’s Lyrics

Chapter Four: Misogyny in Olamide’s Lyrics
4.1 Analysis of Olamide’s Lyrics
4.2 Stylistic and Aesthetic Features in Olamide’s lyrics

Chapter Five: Comparative Analysis and Conclusion
5.1 Comparative Analysis
5.2 Conclusion
Works Cited

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0 Background to the Study
Music is essential to life; it is an important part of a people’s way of life and it plays a key role in various human social activities. It expresses emotions and ideas. It is organized to perform certain effects on people’s minds and it exists in the society to set up code of conduct for societal benefit. Music is essential for edifying, educating, informing and entertaining of the society. Music performance is done with various techniques; it can be purely vocal or instrumental or vocal with the accompaniment of instruments. Vocal music ranges from singing to rapping. Vocal music consists of lyrics. Lyrics are words that make up a song. It usually consists of verses and choruses. (http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki
/lyrics).
Stainer & Barrett in their Dictionary of Musical Terms define lyrics thus: “lyric, poetry or blank verse is intended to be set to music and be sung” (265). In its present usage, lyric is however referred to as specific phrases within a song. Lyrics often contain political, social, religious, economic themes as well as aesthetic elements and so, can communicate culturally significant messages. An artiste therefore, bares his mind and shares his ideologies, beliefs, stances and opinions through his lyrics. He defines himself and his society in his lyrics. These messages can be explicit or implied through metaphors, symbolisms, ironies, litotes, hyperboles and other figurative expressions.
In Contemporary Nigerian music, some music artistes and song writers make use of lyrics which contain misogynistic themes and terms. Their lyrics are such which glorify all sorts of vices against women including violence and oppression of women, sexual objectification, stereotyping and every other negative actions and inactions on the female folk. They point out to the society that they are as misogynistic as their Western counterparts.
Accordingly, this research seeks to examine the extent to which misogyny has crept into Nigeria through contemporary Nigerian music using some select lyrics of two secular and popular contemporary Nigerian musicians; Iyanya and Olamide. The research also seeks to examine how these artistes are encouraging, supporting and justifying misogyny through their musical lyrics. Iyanya and Olamide by implication of their lyrics support and glorify misogyny and other themes associated with it.

1.1 Definition of Terms

Misogyny: Misogyny is the hatred of, contempt for or prejudice against women or girls. It can be manifested in numerous ways including social exclusion, sexual discrimination, hostility, patriarchy, and male privilege ideas, be-littling of women, violence against women, and sexual objectification of women (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/misogyny).
Terri Adams and Douglas Fuller define misogyny as “the hatred and disdain of women; an ideology that reduces women to objects for men’s ownership, use or abuse. It diminishes women to expendable beings” (939).
Contemporary: Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines contemporary as “happening or beginning now or in recent times; existing or happening in the same period; from the same time period”. It is “marked by characteristics of the present period”. (www.merriem-webster.com/dictionary/contemproary).
Lyrics: Lyrics are words that make up a song. It usually consists of verses and choruses (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/lyrics). John Stainer and William Barrett define lyrics thus; “lyric, poetry or blank verse intended to be sung” (265).

MISOGYNY IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN MUSIC A STUDY OF IYANYA’S AND OLAMIDE’S LYRICS

MISOGYNY IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN MUSIC A STUDY OF IYANYA’S AND OLAMIDE’S LYRICS