ROLE OF MOTIVATION IN IMPROVING EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF WORKFORCE
This research work is about motivation as a means of improving efficiency and productivity in workforce. The purpose of this work is to ascertain whether there is adequate motivation in 7up bottling Company and Ministry of Works to include higher productivity and better performance. Information was gathered through both primary and secondary sources. For primary data, the researcher made use of questionnaire carefully designed administered to respondents and secondary data information was gathered from the libraries and other research units. All the information gathered from both sources were later arranged and presented in tabular form and analysed using percentage. The researcher also made effective use of inferential analysis in which chi-square x2 was used to test the hypothesis.
1.1 GENERAL OVERVIEW OF THE STUDY
The word motivation is continuously used in every organization, both profit and non profit oriented organization apply the principle of the basic record in order to achieve the overall corporate objective of their organizations.
No organization will be interested in recruiting new staffs, training and developing them yearly only to lose them to other organization that manage and motivates them more. The more an organization motivates, the more productive and efficient they becomes. Hence, an organization that motivates. Stands the better changes of survival, growth and productivity.
These give birth to an interesting topic known as the role of motivation in improving efficiency and productivity in workforce. This is because their behaviour and attitude can be either beneficial or detriment to an organization. The need for management is to study and know which course to follow in every organization. Motivation if properly used enhances the output efficiently and productivity. Increasing their morale, makes them more effectives and efficient in accomplishing the organization objectives while any negative force demoralize them all their productivity initiative and all their detriment of the organization for they must know and identify the individual needs, wants, target, and goals and to find favourable solution to them.
Salary alone dose not fully motivate people, other factors like recognition, commission, accomplishment, prestige, fringe benefit as provision of car, accommodation, enjoyable working conditions, bonus and overtime being paid and job security. Other incentives that tends to reduce the person problem and uplift them to a higher status in the society.
In the Nigeria context, one notice that salary is the only and mostly motivating factors used by most organizations. According to Berelon and Starner (1964:240) it is a force or act of stimulating people to work efficiently and produce result that are beneficial and direct the person towards the goal of satisfying the need.
Therefore, motivation is the resultant of a dissatisfied situation. Motivation can also be seen as a means of giving incentives to workers to improves the spirit of work for better production. The needs for motivation as a means of improving efficiency and productivity of workforce is as old as creation. there has been traces of motivation as a stimulating factors for better performance in all human activities