NATIONAL ORIENTATION AGENCY: AN EFFECTIVE TOOL TO SOCIAL AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA
Background of the Study
The NOA is a federal government agency under the Federal Ministry of Information, which is headed by a Director General. The agency is vested with the mandate to execute the functions of orientating and re-orientating the Nigerian populace on a wide number of issues which engenders Nation building and beyond; such issues relating to Economical, Social, Political, and Environmental, Psychological etc. The National Orientation Agency of Nigeria is the agency with the mandate of disseminating government policy, collating public opinion, and fostering national unity, patriotism, and the development of Nigerian society. The agencys motto is “Do the right thing: transform Nigeria.” The specific objectives of the agency were defined in Decree 100 of 1993. The National Orientation Agency has successively handle matters involving health, cooperation with non-governmental organizations, and prevention of electoral violence. The NATIONAL ORIENTATION AGENCY ACT;(1993) IS An Act which stipulates the establishment of the National Orientation Agency with the responsibility to re-orientate and motivate Nigerians to participate actively and freely in discussions and decisions that affect their collective and general welfare and for other matters connected therewith.
Consequently the specified functions of the agency include the
Informing and educating the general public on Government programmes, policies, and activities;
Engendering favorable opinion and support for Government policies, programmes and activities from the public;
The collating, analyzing and providing feedback on policies, programme and activities of the government from the public;
Exposing Nigerians to democratic values and norms through the Establishment of social institutions and framework for a disciplined, progressive, virile, peaceful, and united society.
Stimulate the sense of consciousness of all of Nigerians on their legitimate privileges, rights, and obligations as citizens of Nigeria;
Re-orientate Nigerians on the issue of power, its use and the effective role of Government in serving the collective interest of the people of Nigeria;
Inculcate the sense of responsibility to eschew all vices such as corruption, dishonesty, electoral and census malpractice, ethnic parochial and religious bigotry in public life;
Mobilize the people of Nigeria to identify and exercise positive patriotic participation in national issues and affairs and, inform, mobilize and engage all Nigerians to fight against all forms of internal and external domination of resources by a few individuals or groups. NATIONAL ORIENTATION AGENCY ACT (1993)
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The National Orientation agency is vested with lofty objectives which consist of the need to ensure that Federal Government programmes and policies are accepted and understood by the general public; engender favorable opinions from the public for government policies and programmes; enhance informal education , public enlightenment activities and publication; motivate the public for feedback on all aspect of national issues to the Federal Government ; educating, orientating and indoctrinating Nigerians on socially desirable , values, attitude and culture in other to project nigerias positive image; Inculcate in Nigerians the spirit of nationalism, self-discipline, patriotism, and self-reliance; Develop the attitude of Nigerians to their civic obligation of promoting national unity, human rights and to build a just, free and progressive society; Motivate Nigerians to participate actively and freely in all national issues and matters which affect their wellbeing and general welfare; Develop in Nigerians the positive attitudes and culture for the attainment of national unity, discipline and the goals and objectives of a united Nigeria; Inculcate in Nigerians the sense of nationalism and leadership ; and foster respect for constituted authority. NATIONAL ORIENTATION AGENCY ACT (1993).