PARENTAL DIVORCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN IJEMO TITUN HIGH SCHOOL, IBARA, ABEOKUTA

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EFFECT OF PARENTAL DIVORCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN IJEMO TITUN HIGH SCHOOL, IBARA, ABEOKUTA

ABSTRACT

The study examined the effect of parental divorce on academic performance of  students in IjemoTitun High School, Ibara, Abeokuta. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study.

The study population comprises of students in IjemoTitun High School, Ibara, Abeokuta. A random sampling technique was used, 300students were randomly selected in IjemoTitun High School, Ibara, Abeokuta. A questionnaire tagged Parental Divorce on Academic Performance of  Questionnaire (PSAPAQ)with three distinctive sections was the main instrument used for the study.

Findings showed there is significant relationship between parental divorce and academic performance of s(r=.505, N=300, p<0.5) the null hypothesis is rejected while the alternate hypothesis is accepted, significant relationship between Parental divorce and the social relationship of the s (r=.466, N=300, p<0.5), the result is significant at 0.05 level, therefore, the null hypothesis is rejected while the alternate hypothesis is acceptedand Finally, this result revealed that there is significant relationship between Parental divorce and the social relationship of the s (r=.544, N=210, p<0.5), the null hypothesis is rejected while the alternate hypothesis is accepted.

The study therefore recommended that Counselors, psychologists, social workers and teachers should identify students from divorced families and counsel them and the separated parents should also be counseled on social needs of their children so that their academic work will not suffer at school,to reduce divorce or divorce rates, couples should have enough time for each other and made love and understanding the corner stone of their marriage. For instance, there should effective communication among couples since communication serves as the blood of any relationship, Government; community organization courts and religions organizations should work together to ensure that all unhappily married couples have access to counseling that is both affordable and child cantered. And pre-marital pregnancy and forced marriages should be discouraged by organizing family life education, seminars, games etc in the schools, churches and communities as much as possible since these situations often result in high state of marriage disruption. IJEMO TITUN HIGH SCHOOL

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study

Available statistics of divorce cases in Bolgatanga indicated that one thousand, five hundred and ninety-seven (1,597) registered marriages were dissolved by the registry during the period of five (5) years (Bolga High Court Marriage Registry, 2012). The statistics showed that one hundred and ninety-four (194) marriages were dissolved in the year 2007; two hundred and twenty-nine (229) marriages were dissolved in 2008 while two hundred and eighty-seven (287) marriages were dissolved in 2009. Further to that, three hundred and twenty-four (324) marriages were dissolved in 2010 and three hundred and thirty (330) marriages were dissolved in 2011, respectively. Between January and April of 2012, the Bolgatanga Municipal Assembly (BMA) also recorded a total of two thousand, nine hundred and seventeen (2,917) dissolved customary marriages which covered a period of six years. These alarming statistics underscore the seriousness of the problem of divorce no matter the factors that led to it adultery, incompatibility, poor communication, financial problem, abusive behaviour, lack of commitment to it, alcohol and drug abuse and mental illness.  Parental divorce rates in the U.S. are at 50% for first marriages, and subsequent marriages are 2.5 times more likely to end in divorce.     Academics are one of the most important aspects of a student’s life, with good grades, students are able to get into colleges and universities, and allow them to earn degrees in order to obtain jobs that they want. If the relationship between the student’s parents is unstable and filled with conflict, this can alter the student’s academic performance. (Afifi, 2013; Brown, 2012; Overland, 2012).IJEMO TITUN HIGH SCHOOL

Udansky and Wolf (2008) identified single parenting as a major problem on the rise. Parent divorces is a common phenomenon in the community today, but still represent a major life stressor for the individuals involved, with potentially strong negative consequences for the mental and physical health of all members of the family. The effect of divorce on child academic performance has been the subject of research attention for several decades, and has long been viewed as the cause of a range of serious and enduring behavioural and emotional problems in children and s (Kelly & Emery, 2003).

Park and Kim (2003) argued that the mother traditionally’ play substantial role in the care of the family. The mothers’ cares for them, listens to their problems and provide solutions. Mothers are very important in ensuring a happy childhood and meaningfully adult life for their children. The parent child relationship studies indicate that a father can contribute uniquely to the development of the child independently of the mother’s contribution. However, when issues on factors such as emotional, intelligence, self-esteem, competence and confidence come up, the father cannot be replaced easily by the mother (Park and Kim 2003).

Forman and Davies (2003) maintained that at adolescence, the individual is getting developed psychologically to cope and bear with stress and tensions which they are faced with. A child biological temperament plays a vital role in the eruption and resolution of divorce (Davies 2003). According to Ekundayo&Oyeniyi (2008) and Adebule (2012), the society is tackling with many behaviour problems of the  students, which include truancy, disobedience, drug addiction, smoking, flirting, stealing, armed robbery, examination malpractice, cultism, thugery, sexual abuse, sex activities, indiscriminate sex, homosexual (gay and lesbianism) as part of behaviour problems prevalent among students (Omotosho, Adeniyi and Bada 2010).IJEMO TITUN HIGH SCHOOL

Adebowale (2006) in a study on the social behaviour of s as it affects their moral behaviour observed that the type of home which the  comes from, determine to a considerable extent, the type of attitude which he will develop to exhibit and his academic performance. Parental divorce has a long and lasting impact on lives of any student. The state of the home or the marital status of  parents speaks volume about the life of the child. Separated homes have been found as a crucial factor causing anti-social problems poor academic performances among secondary school adolescence. Olusola (2008) believed that the highest incidence of s whose parents are living separately may become way-ward, unruly, or take to sexual misconduct as a way of searching for affection which was lacking in their unhappy parental home. Many researchers have shown that immoral behavior and poor academic performance are prevalent among us who are from unstable or separated family, with less adequate parental training on their moral and social attitudes (William, 2002). This study intends to assess parent divorce on the academic performance of  students.IJEMO TITUN HIGH SCHOOL

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EFFECT OF PARENTAL DIVORCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN IJEMO TITUN HIGH SCHOOL, IBARA, ABEOKUTA