PERSONALITY TRAITS AS PREDICTORS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN EDE, OSUN STATE

1068

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… i

CERTIFICATION PAGE……………………………………………………………………………………………….. ii

DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………………………………………………………………………………… iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS………………………………………………………………………………………….. v-viii

LIST OF TABLES………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ix

LIST OF FIGURES……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. x

ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… xi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

  1. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY……………………………………………………………………………. 1
    1. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM…………………………………………………………………………… 3
    1. RESEARCH QUESTIONS……………………………………………………………………………………….. 5
    1. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY……………………………………………………………………………….. 5
    1. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY…………………………………………………………………………….. 6
    1. SCOPE OF THE STUDY………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7
    1. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS…………………………………………………………. 7
    1. PLAN OF THE STUDY…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS

  • INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
    • HYPOTHESIS ONE……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
    • HYPOTHESIS TWO……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
    • HYPOTHESIS THREE…………………………………………………………………………………………… 46
    • HYPOTHESIS FOUR……………………………………………………………………………………………… 46
    • HYPOTHESIS FIVE……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
    • HYPOTHESIS SIX…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
    • HYPOTHESIS SEVEN………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57

APPENDIXES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 64

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE        4.1:Percentage        Distribution of Respondents by Socio-Demographic Characteristics……………………………………………………………………………………… 42

TABLE 4.2: Prevalence Rate of Psychopathological Symptoms among Secondary School Adolescents in Ede, Osun State………………………………………………………. 44

TABLE 4.3a: Multiple Linear Regression  Analysis  of  Psychological  Health  by  Personality  Traits…………………………………………………………………………………… 45

TABLE 4.3b:Multiple Linear Regression Coefficient…………………………………………………….. 45

TABLE 4.4: Correlation Matrix Showing Relationship between Personality Traits and Psychopathology……………………………………………………………………………………. 47

TABLE 4.5: Independent Sample T-test showing the Sex-Difference in the levels of Psychological Health      of       Secondary       School       Adolescents       in       Ede,       Osun  State………………………………………………………………………. 48

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1.1: Conceptual Framework of the Study……………………………………………………………. 33

ABSTRACT

Adolescents are battled by psychological health challenges in present day society. These psychological health disturbances, if not properly managed may persist or reoccur in adulthood. Personality traits may promote or impair adolescents‘ psychological health. This knowledge prompts an urgent need to further identify the extent to which psychological health can be predicted by personality traits. This study investigated personality traits as significant predictors of psychological health. The objectives of the study are to determine if personality traits predict the psychological health of adolescents and to examine the influence of gender on the psychological health status of the adolescents. The study utilized a synthesis of Health Belief Model, Theory of Learned behaviour, Social Cognitive Theory and Trait theories of Personality to explain the intricate processes fundamental to psychological traits as predictors of adolescents‘ psychological health. The study adopted two-stage sampling technique: Stratified sampling was used in selecting the secondary schools used while purposive sampling was used in selecting participants for the study. The participants for this study consist of 614 secondary school adolescents from five secondary schools in Ede, Osun State. Awaritefe Psychological Index (API) and Big Five Inventory (BFI) were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the prevalence of psychopathology among the adolescents while multiple linear regression analysis and t-test for independent samples were used to test the hypothesis. The study revealed that the prevalence of psychological health disorders among secondary school adolescents in Ede ranged from 29.5% (General Somatic disorders) to 54.1% (Mood disorder). The study further displayed that all dimensions of personality traits (extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness) jointly significantly predict psychological health of secondary school adolescents in Ede {F(5, 579)=5.532, p<0.05,R²=.046). However, only neuroticism independently significantly predicts psychological health of secondary school adolescents in Ede. Findings also reveal that female participants

manifested significantly higher levels of psychological health disorders( X =32.82, SD=23.93) than male participants. Conclusion drawn, based on the findings, posit that neurotic tendencies such as anxiety, anger and nervousness must be put under check when spotted in any adolescent as such personality trait is capable of impairing adolescents psychological health. Furthermore, continuous effort must be made to identify other factors that threaten good psychological health of adolescents. Attention must be focused on female adolescents as they tend to display more psychopathological symptoms than their male counterparts.

PERSONALITY TRAITS AS PREDICTORS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN EDE, OSUN STATE