Table of contents                                                                        page(s)



  1. Background of the study

1.2    Statement of the problem

1.3    Objectives of the study

1.4    Research questions

1.5    Significance of the study

1.6    Scope and limitation of the study

1.7    Organization of the study


2.1    Concept of town planning development

2.2    Urban land, planning and governance regimes

2.2.1 The pre-colonial era

2.2.2 The colonial era 

2.2.3 Post-colonial era 

2.3    The current urban planning practice

2.4    Federal Government – National Level Policy

2.5    State-led Town Planning

2.6    Challenges for the urban land administration, planning and governance system

2.7    Urban development systems

2.8    Critique of formal and informal urban development processes   

2.9    Recent initiatives to improve town development processes and their outcomes  

2.10  Town Urban planning and development

2.11  Challenges and problems of urban development

2.12 Initial Growth of Enugu Urban

2.13  Physical Planning Efforts in Enugu Urban 


3.1    Research design

3.2    The study area

3.3    Location

3.4    Sources of data 

3.5    Research instruments

3.5.1 Interview

3.6          Validity and reliability of the instrument 

3.7    Data analysis


4.1 Assessment of Growth Indicators in Abakpa Nike Enugu Urban.

4.2    Discussion of findings


5.1    Conclusion

5.2    Recommendations



The study was carried out on the problems of town planning development in Abakpa Nike, Enugu state, Nigeria. Town planning development is the process of developing urban, suburban and rural areas orderly. This study employed a Survey research design. Distribution of growth indicators in the study zone was effected for the same purpose.The data collected for this study were from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data were drawn from interviews and report and field observations. The principal source of secondary data was drawn from textbooks, Journals, reports, Internet websites and other related unpublished literatures written by different authors. The Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) on a computer set was used for the regression analysis and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test at 5% (0.05) level of significance.The researcher came up with two summarized results. The first is that there is tremendous population increase of the Enugu urban. The second revelation was that there is a weak relationship existing between the level of town planning development in Abakpa Nike, Enugu State and associated growth indicators.The study further recommended that the concerned governments of the state (state and local) should make a vigorous attempt at emplacing adequate physical, economic and social infrastructure to match the teeming population in the Enugu urban.  This can be achieved through the Environmental Planning and Management (EPM) process. 



  1. Background of the study

Town planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. It can be referred to as urban and regional, regional, town, city, rural planning or some combination in various areas worldwide. Town planning takes many forms and it can share perspectives and practices with urban design (Robert, 2010).

Town planning development is the process of developing urban, suburban and rural areas orderly. Although predominantly concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, town planning is also responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources, rural and agricultural land, parks and conserving areas of natural environmental significance. The major reason for town planning is urbanization.

Urbanization is not a recent phenomenon in Nigeria. Indeed many ancient cities such as Enugu, Ile Ife, Kano, Ibadan, Benin and Sokoto have had a rich history of urbanization. Urbanization however increased significantly during the colonial administrations. It is apparent that the rate of urbanization in recent period has been vigorous, alarming and unsustainable. The most serious problems confronting cities, towns and their inhabitants as identified in Agenda (2010) include the following: Inadequate financial resources, lack of employment opportunities, spreading homelessness and expansion of squatter settlements, increased poverty and a widening gap between the rich and poor, growing insecurity and rising crime rates, inadequate and deteriorating building stock, services and infrastructure. Other problems include lack of health and educational facilities, improper land use, insecure land tenure, rising traffic congestion, increasing pollution, lack of green spaces, inadequate water supply and sanitation, uncoordinated urban development and an increasing vulnerability to disaster. All these have seriously challenged the town planning development in place like Abakpa Nike. The capacity of government at all levels to realize socio- economic development and environmental protection, which is all components of sustainable development, is challenged.

Nigeria as a nation has been experiencing an accelerated shift of her populations from rural to urban areas. This rapid rate of urbanization has engendered several challenges and problems in town planning development similar to situations in other parts of the world. The problems identified in Agenda (2010) are prevalent in Enugu state. Today’s Enugu city, according to Mabogunje (2012) is typified by substandard and inadequate housing, slums, and lack of infrastructure, transportation problems, low productivity, poverty, crime and juvenile delinquency. Urbanization, according to him is the root cause of the high rates of environmental degradation, pollution and social delinquency.

In order to address the problem of town planning development and promote sustainable development, the United Nations Millennium Declaration was adopted in September 2000, committing countries both rich and poor to do all they can to eradicate poverty, promote human dignity and equality and achieve peace, democracy and environmental stability. The goals include those dedicated to eradicating poverty, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensuring environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development. Nigeria is a signatory to the Millennium Declaration and has a responsibility to implement the goals.

Various scholars have studied the challenges of town planning development in Nigeria. Some of them include Falade (1999) whose study focused on the challenges of a sustainable Nigeria, Abumere (2002) whose research centered on urban governance and the challenges of urban poverty, Odeyemi (2002) who did a study on gender and urbanization and Olanrewaju (2003) who focused on sustainability and urban poverty.

However, since urban development occurs in a continuum, this paper focuses on the problems of town planning development in Abakpa Nike Enugu Nigeria.